Updated November 26, 2018 (updated monthly on the 26th)

This page focuses on human factors methods and tools in relation to clinical work. Included are links to overviews of various analysis methods along with articles on the application of human factors methods in clinical care. For information specifically on EHR usability, see EHR Science Usability. Clinical workflow materials may be found here Clinical Workflow

The websites below were chosen because of the quality of information they offer. They offer many references and tutorials and are good places to start learning about human factors methods. Article citations are provided as practical examples of human factors methods. (Clinical workflow and EHR usability have their own pages.)

AHRQ has aggregated a diverse set of references and tools on for key work analysis methods. Each method is accompanied by a brief outline and links to relevant, clinically-focused articles.
Hierarchical Task Analysis
Goals, Operators, Methods, and Selection Rules
Cognitive Task Analysis
Verbal Protocol Analysis
Task Decomposition

A Georgia Institute of Technology hosted site with great information about user-centered design.
User-Centered Design

User Experience Professional Association
Usability Book of Knowledge/Methods – This is a tremendous resource providing overviews and links to a wide variety of materials covering seemingly every possible human factors topic.

Ratwani RM, Savage E, Will A, Fong A, Karavite D, Muthu N, Rivera AJ, Gibson C, Asmonga D, Moscovitch B, Grundmeier R, Rising J. Identifying Electronic Health Record Usability And Safety Challenges In Pediatric Settings. Health Aff (Millwood). 2018 Nov;37(11):1752-1759.

Gorman RK, Wellbeloved-Stone CA, Valdez RS. Uncovering the invisible patient work system through a case study of breast cancer self-management. Ergonomics. 2018 Nov 2:1-16. [E]

Lyell D, Magrabi F, Coiera E. The Effect of Cognitive Load and Task Complexity on Automation Bias in Electronic Prescribing. Hum Factors. 2018 Nov;60(7):1008-1021.

Woodson TT, Gunn R, Clark KD, Balasubramanian BA, Jetelina KK, Muller B, Miller BF, Burdick TE, Cohen DJ. Designing health information technology tools for behavioral health clinicians integrated within a primary care team. J Innov Health Inform. 2018 Oct 31;25(3):158-168.

Karavite DJ, Miller MW, Ramos MJ, Rettig SL, Ross RK, Xiao R, Muthu N, Localio AR, Gerber JS, Coffin SE, Grundmeier RW. User Testing an Information Foraging Tool for Ambulatory Surgical Site Infection Surveillance. Appl Clin Inform. 2018 Oct;9(4):791-802.

Wilbanks BA, McMullan SP. A Review of Measuring the Cognitive Workload of Electronic Health Records. Comput Inform Nurs. 2018 Aug 22. [E]

Lanier C, Cerutti B, Dominicé Dao M, Hudelson P, Junod Perron N. What factors influence the use of electronic health records during the first 10 minutes of the clinical encounter? Int J Gen Med. 2018 Oct 9;11:393-398.

Cochon L, Lacson R, Wang A, Kapoor N, Ip IK, Desai S, Kachalia A, Dennerlein J, Benneyan J, Khorasani R. Assessing information sources to elucidate diagnostic process errors in radiologic imaging - a human factors framework. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2018 Aug 16. [E]

Kellogg KM, Fairbanks RJ. Approaching Fatigue and Error in Emergency Medicine: Narrowing the Gap Between Work as Imagined and Work as Really Done. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Aug;72(2):181-183.

Lyerla F, Durbin CR, Henderson R. Development of a Nursing Electronic Medical Record Usability Protocol. Comput Inform Nurs. 2018 Aug;36(8):393-397.

Yang Y, Bass EJ, Bowles KH, Sockolow PS. Impact of Home Care Admission Nurses' Goals on Electronic Health Record Documentation Strategies at the Point of Care. Comput Inform Nurs. 2018 Aug 1. [E]

Sun YK, Shih WC, Cheng KH. An Electronic Handover System to Improve Information Transfer for Surgical Patients. Comput Inform Nurs. 2018 Aug 1. [E]

Long D, Capan M, Mascioli S, Weldon D, Arnold R, Miller K. Evaluation of User-Interface Alert Displays for Clinical Decision Support Systems for Sepsis. Crit Care Nurse. 2018 Aug;38(4):46-54.

Kent S, Lin ET, Molinar LS, Plogsted SW, Poehls JM, Turner P, Van Way C 3rd. A Call to Action for Optimizing the Electronic Health Record in the Parenteral Nutrition Workflow. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2018 Aug;118(8):1506-1525.

Appelhof B, Bakker C, van Duinen-van den IJssel JCL, Zwijsen SA, Smalbrugge M, Verhey FRJ, de Vugt ME, Zuidema SU, Koopmans RTCM. Process Evaluation of an Intervention for the Management of Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Young-Onset Dementia. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2018 Aug;19(8):663-671.

Savoy A, Militello LG, Patel H, Flanagan ME, Russ AL, Daggy JK, Weiner M, Saleem JJ. A Cognitive Systems Engineering Design Approach to Improve the Usability of Electronic Order Forms for Medical Consultation. J Biomed Inform. 2018 Jul 30. [E]

Galatzan BJ, Carrington JM. Exploring the State of the Science of the Nursing Hand-off Communication. Comput Inform Nurs. 2018 Jul 24. [E]

Gupta A, Harrod M, Quinn M, Manojlovich M, Fowler KE, Singh H, Saint S, Chopra V. Mind the overlap: how system problems contribute to cognitive failure and diagnostic errors. Diagnosis (Berl). 2018 Jul 14. [E]

Arbaje AI, Hughes A, Werner N, Carl K, Hohl D, Jones K, Bowles KH, Chan K, Leff B, Gurses AP. Information management goals and process failures during home visits for middle-aged and older adults receiving skilled home healthcare services after hospital discharge: a multisite, qualitative study. BMJ Qual Saf. 2018 Jul 17. [E]

Nazi KM, Turvey CL, Klein DM, Hogan TP. A Decade of Veteran Voices: Examining Patient Portal Enhancements Through the Lens of User-Centered Design. J Med Internet Res. 2018 Jul 10;20(7):e10413.

Mann C, Shaw A, Wye L, Salisbury C, Guthrie B. A computer template to enhance patient-centredness in multimorbidity reviews: a qualitative evaluation in primary care. Br J Gen Pract. 2018 Jul;68(672):e495-e504.

Rajkovi? P, Aleksi? D, Jankovic D, Milenkovi? A, Petkovic I. Checking the potential shift to perceived usefulness-The analysis of users' response to the updated electronic health record core features. Int J Med Inform. 2018 Jul;115:80-91.

Vahdat V, Griffin JA, Stahl JE, Yang FC. Analysis of the effects of EHR implementation on timeliness of care in a dermatology clinic: a simulation study. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2018 Jul 1;25(7):827-832.

Zadvinskis IM, Garvey Smith J, Yen PY. Nurses' Experience With Health Information Technology: Longitudinal Qualitative Study. JMIR Med Inform. 2018 Jun 26;6(2):e38.

Fylan F, Caveney L, Cartwright A, Fylan B. Making it work for me: beliefs about making a personal health record relevant and useable. BMC Health Serv Res. 2018 Jun 14;18(1):445.

Jahn MA, Porter BW, Patel H, Zillich AJ, Simon SR, Russ AL. Usability Assessment of Secure Messaging for Clinical Document Sharing between Health Care Providers and Patients. Appl Clin Inform. 2018 Apr;9(2):467-477.

Heaton HA, Wang R, Farrell KJ, Ruelas OS, Goyal DG, Lohse CM, Sadosty AT, Nestler DM. Time Motion Analysis: Impact of Scribes on Provider Time Management. J Emerg Med. 2018 Jul;55(1):135-140.

Giuliano KK. Intravenous Smart Pumps: Usability Issues, Intravenous Medication Administration Error, and Patient Safety. Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2018

Wung SF, Schatz MR. Critical Care Nurses' Cognitive Ergonomics Related to Medical Device Alarms. Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2018 Jun;30(2):191-202. 

Teh RC, Visvanathan R, Ranasinghe D, Wilson A. Evaluation and refinement of a handheld health information technology tool to support the timely update of bedside visual cues to prevent falls in hospitals. Int J Evid Based Healthc. 2018 Jun;16(2):90-100.

Krousel-Wood M, McCoy AB, Ahia C, Holt EW, Trapani DN, Luo Q, Price-Haywood EG, Thomas EJ, Sittig DF, Milani RV. Implementing electronic health records (EHRs): health care provider perceptions before and after transition from a local basic EHR to a commercial comprehensive EHR. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2018 Jun 1;25(6):618-626.

Miller K, Mosby D, Capan M, Kowalski R, Ratwani R, Noaiseh Y, Kraft R, Schwartz S, Weintraub WS, Arnold R. Interface, information, interaction: a narrative review of design and functional requirements for clinical decision support. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2018 May 1;25(5):585-592.

Patterson ES. Workarounds to Intended Use of Health Information Technology: A Narrative Review of the Human Factors Engineering Literature. Hum Factors. 2018 May;60(3):281-292.

Belyeu BM, Klein JW, Reisch LM, Peacock S, Oster NV, Elmore JG, Jackson SL. Patients' perceptions of their doctors' notes and after-visit summaries: A mixed methods study of patients at safety-net clinics. Health Expect. 2018 Apr;21(2):485-493.

Hudson D, Kushniruk A, Borycki E, Zuege DJ. Physician satisfaction with a critical care clinical information system using a multimethod evaluation of usability. Int J Med Inform. 2018 Apr;112:131-136.

Roumeliotis N, Parisien G, Charette S, Arpin E, Brunet F, Jouvet P. Reorganizing Care With the Implementation of Electronic Medical Records: A Time-Motion Study in the PICU. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 Apr;19(4):e172-e179.

Howe JL, Adams KT, Hettinger AZ, Ratwani RM. Electronic Health Record Usability Issues and Potential Contribution to Patient Harm. JAMA. 2018 Mar 27;319(12):1276-1278.

Fraccaro P, Vigo M, Balatsoukas P, Buchan IE, Peek N, van der Veer SN. The influence of patient portals on users' decision making is insufficiently investigated: A systematic methodological review. Int J Med Inform. 2018 Mar;111:100-111.

Tan M, Lipman S, Lee H, Sie L, Carvalho B. Evaluation of Electronic Medical Records on Nurses' Time Allocation During Cesarean Delivery. J Patient Saf. 2018 Feb 26. [E]

Ramelson H, Nederlof A, Karmiy S, Neri P, Kiernan D, Krishnamurthy R, Allen A, Bates DW. Closing the loop with an enhanced referral management system. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2018 Feb 17. [E]

Dahm MR, Georgiou A, Westbrook JI, Greenfield D, Horvath AR, Wakefield D, Li L, Hillman K, Bolton P, Brown A, Jones G, Herkes R, Lindeman R, Legg M, Makeham M, Moses D, Badmus D, Campbell C, Hardie RA, Li J, McCaughey E, Sezgin G, Thomas J, Wabe N. Delivering safe and effective test-result communication, management and follow-up: a mixed-methods study protocol. BMJ Open. 2018 Feb 15;8(2):e020235.

Ratanawongsa N, Matta GY, Bohsali FB, Chisolm MS. Reducing Misses and Near Misses Related to Multitasking on the Electronic Health Record: Observational Study and Qualitative Analysis. JMIR Hum Factors. 2018 Feb 6;5(1):e4.

DeGirolamo K, D'Souza K, Hall W, Joos E, Garraway N, Sing CK, McLaughlin P Hameed M. Process mapping as a framework for performance improvement in emergency general surgery. Can J Surg. 2018 Feb;61(1):13-18.

Hicks C, Petrosoniak A. The Human Factor: Optimizing Trauma Team Performance in Dynamic Clinical Environments. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2018 Feb;36(1):1-17.

van Gils-van Rooij ESJ, Meijboom BR, Broekman SM, Yzermans CJ, de Bakker DH. Is patient flow more efficient in Urgent Care Collaborations? Eur J Emerg Med. 2018 Feb;25(1):58-64.

Joukes E, Abu-Hanna A, Cornet R, de Keizer NF. Time Spent on Dedicated Patient Care and Documentation Tasks Before and After the Introduction of a Structured and Standardized Electronic Health Record. Appl Clin Inform. 2018 Jan;9(1):46-53.

Bristol AA, Nibbelink CW, Gephart SM, Carrington JM. Nurses' Use of Positive Deviance When Encountering Electronic Health Records-Related Unintended Consequences. Nurs Adm Q. 2018 Jan/Mar;42(1):E1-E11.

Hussain A, Oestreicher J. Clinical decision-making: heuristics and cognitive biases for the ophthalmologist. Surv Ophthalmol. 2018 Jan - Feb;63(1):119-124.

Rizvi RF, Marquard JL, Hultman GM, Adam TJ, Harder KA, Melton GB. Usability Evaluation of Electronic Health Record System around Clinical Notes Usage-An Ethnographic Study. Appl Clin Inform. 2017 Oct;8(4):1095-1.

Barwise A, Caples S, Jensen J, Pickering B, Herasevich V. Information needs for the rapid response team electronic clinical tool. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2017 Oct 2;17(1):142. doi: 10.1186/s12911-017-0540-3. PubMed PMID: 28969627; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5625769.

Heiden SM, Holden RJ, Alder CA, Bodke K, Boustani M. Human factors in mental health care: A work system analysis of a community-based program for older adults with depression and dementia. Appl Ergon. 2017 Oct;64:27-40.

Flach JM, Feufel MA, Reynolds PL, Parker SH, Kellogg KM. Decisionmaking in practice: The dynamics of muddling through. Appl Ergon. 2017 Sep;63:133-141.

Carrell DS, Schoen RE, Leffler DA, Morris M, Rose S, Baer A, Crockett SD, Gourevitch RA, Dean KM, Mehrotra A. Challenges in adapting existing clinical natural language processing systems to multiple, diverse health care settings. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Sep 1;24(5):986-991.

Leslie M, Paradis E, Gropper MA, Kitto S, Reeves S, Pronovost P. An Ethnographic Study of Health Information Technology Use in Three Intensive Care Units. Health Serv Res. 2017 Aug;52(4):1330-1348.

Cresswell KM, Blandford A, Sheikh A. Drawing on human factors engineering to evaluate the effectiveness of health information technology. J R Soc Med. 2017 Aug;110(8):309-315.

King AJ, Hochheiser H, Visweswaran S, Clermont G, Cooper GF. Eye-tracking for clinical decision support: A method to capture automatically what physicians are viewing in the EMR. AMIA Jt Summits Transl Sci Proc. 2017 Jul 26;2017:512-521.

Chang B, Kanagaraj M, Neely B, Segall N, Huang E. Triangulating Methodologies from Software, Medicine and Human Factors Industries to Measure Usability and Clinical Efficacy of Medication Data Visualization in an Electronic Health Record System. AMIA Jt Summits Transl Sci Proc. 2017 Jul 26;2017:473-482.

Higgins LW, Shovel JA, Bilderback AL, Lorenz HL, Martin SC, Rogers DJ, Minnier TE. Hospital Nurses' Work Activity in a Technology-Rich Environment: A Triangulated Quality Improvement Assessment. J Nurs Care Qual. 2017 Jul/Sep;32(3):208-217.

Harte R, Glynn L, Rodríguez-Molinero A, Baker PM, Scharf T, Quinlan LR, ÓLaighin G. A Human-Centered Design Methodology to Enhance the Usability, Human Factors, and User Experience of Connected Health Systems: A Three-Phase Methodology. JMIR Hum Factors. 2017 Mar 16;4(1):e8.

Vincent CJ, Blandford A. How do health service professionals consider human factors when purchasing interactive medical devices? A qualitative interview study. Appl Ergon. 2017 Mar;59(Pt A):114-122.

Méan M, Garnier A, Wenger N, Castioni J, Waeber G, Marques-Vidal P. Computer usage and task-switching during resident's working day: Disruptive or not? PLoS One. 2017 Feb 24;12(2):e0172878.

Luna DR, Rizzato Lede DA, Otero CM, Risk MR, González Bernaldo de Quirós F. User-centered design improves the usability of drug-drug interaction alerts: Experimental comparison of interfaces. J Biomed Inform. 2017 Feb;66:204-213.

Zazove P, McKee M, Schleicher L, Green L, Kileny P, Rapai M, Mulhem E. To act or not to act: responses to electronic health record prompts by family medicine clinicians. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Jan 31. [E]

Mamykina L, Carter EJ, Sheehan B, Stanley Hum R, Twohig BC, Kaufman DR. Driven to Distraction: The Nature and Apparent Purpose of Interruptions in Critical Care and Implications for HIT. J Biomed Inform. 2017 Jan 31. [E]

Vincent CJ, Blandford A. How do health service professionals consider human factors when purchasing interactive medical devices? A qualitative interview study. Appl Ergon. 2017 Mar;59(Pt A):114-122.

Kilsdonk E, Peute LW, Jaspers MW. Factors influencing implementation success of guideline-based clinical decision support systems: A systematic review and gaps analysis. Int J Med Inform. 2017 Feb;98:56-64.

Zachary Hettinger A, Roth E, Bisantz AM. Cognitive Engineering and Health Informatics: Applications and Intersections. J Biomed Inform. 2017 Jan 23. [E]

Roman LC, Ancker JS, Johnson SB, Senathirajah Y. Navigation in the Electronic Health Record: A Review of the Safety and Usability Literature. J Biomed Inform. 2017 Jan 11. [E]
ahead of print] Review. PubMed PMID: 28088527.

Scantlebury A, Sheard L, Watt I, Cairns P, Wright J, Adamson J. Exploring the implementation of an electronic record into a maternity unit: a qualitative study using Normalisation Process Theory. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2017 Jan 7;17(1):4.

Kaipio J, Lääveri T, Hyppönen H, Vainiomäki S, Reponen J, Kushniruk A, Borycki E, Vänskä J. Usability problems do not heal by themselves: National survey on physicians' experiences with EHRs in Finland. Int J Med Inform. 2017 Jan;97:266-281.

Ellsworth MA, Dziadzko M, O'Horo JC, Farrell AM, Zhang J, Herasevich V. An appraisal of published usability evaluations of electronic health records via systematic review. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Jan;24(1):218-226.

Schall MC Jr, Cullen L, Pennathur P, Chen H, Burrell K, Matthews G. Usability Evaluation and Implementation of a Health Information Technology Dashboard of Evidence-Based Quality Indicators. Comput Inform Nurs. 2016 Dec 21. [E]

Mundt MP, Swedlund MP. A human factors systems approach to understanding team-based primary care: a qualitative analysis. Fam Pract. 2016 Dec;33(6):721

Taylor S, Allsop MJ, Bekker HL, Bennett MI, Bewick BM. Identifying professionals' needs in integrating electronic pain monitoring in community palliative care services: An interview study. Palliat Med. 2016 Nov 11. [E]

Ratwani R, Fairbanks T, Savage E, Adams K, Wittie M, Boone E, Hayden A, Barnes J, Hettinger Z, Gettinger A. Mind the Gap. A systematic review to identify usability and safety challenges and practices during electronic health record implementation. Appl Clin Inform. 2016 Nov 16;7(4):1069-1087.

Horsky J, Ramelson HZ. Development of a cognitive framework of patient record summary review in the formative phase of user-centered design. J Biomed Inform. 2016 Dec;64:147-157.

Mundt MP, Swedlund MP. A human factors systems approach to understanding team-based primary care: a qualitative analysis. Fam Pract. 2016 Dec;33(6):721-726.

Press A, Khan S, McCullagh L, Schachter A, Pardo S, Kohn N, McGinn T. Avoiding alert fatigue in pulmonary embolism decision support: a new method to examine 'trigger rates'. Evid Based Med. 2016 Dec;21(6):203-207.

Scott PJ, Curley PJ, Williams PB, Linehan IP, Shaha SH. Measuring the operational impact of digitized hospital records: a mixed methods study. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2016 Nov 10;16(1):143.

Nelson P, Bell AJ, Nathanson L, Sanchez LD, Fisher J, Anderson PD. Ethnographic analysis on the use of the electronic medical record for clinical handoff. Intern Emerg Med. 2016 Nov 10. [E]

Pelayo S, Santos R. Human Factors and Organizational Issues in 2015: The Increasing Complexity of the Healthcare Domain Calls for More Comprehensive Approaches. Yearb Med Inform. 2016 Nov 10;(1):126-129.

Lo C, Teede H, Ilic D, Russell G, Murphy K, Usherwood T, Ranasinha S, Zoungas S. Identifying health service barriers in the management of co-morbid diabetes and chronic kidney disease in primary care: a mixed-methods exploration. Fam Pract. 2016 Oct;33(5):492-7.

Katsulis Z, Ergai A, Leung WY, Schenkel L, Rai A, Adelman J, Benneyan J, Bates DW, Dykes PC. Iterative user centered design for development of a patient-centered fall prevention toolkit. Appl Ergon. 2016 Sep;56:117-26.

Gold JA, Stephenson LE, Gorsuch A, Parthasarathy K, Mohan V. Feasibility of utilizing a commercial eye tracker to assess electronic health record use during patient simulation. Health Informatics J. 2016 Sep;22(3):744-57.

Malhotra S, Cheriff AD, Gossey JT, Cole CL, Kaushal R, Ancker JS. Effects of an e-Prescribing interface redesign on rates of generic drug prescribing: exploiting default options. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Sep;23(5):891-8.

Medlock S, Wyatt JC, Patel VL, Shortliffe EH, Abu-Hanna A. Modeling information flows in clinical decision support: key insights for enhancing system effectiveness. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Sep;23(5):1001-6.

Kim TY, Marek KD. Profiling Patient Characteristics Associated With the Intensity of Nurse Care Coordination. West J Nurs Res. 2016 Aug 26. [E]

Stevenson JE, Israelsson J, Nilsson G, Petersson G, Bath PA. Vital sign documentation in electronic records: The development of workarounds. Health Informatics J. 2016 Aug 19. [E]

Meyerhoefer CD, Sherer SA, Deily ME, Chou SY, Peng L, Hu T, Nihen M, Sheinberg M, Levick D. A mixed methods study of clinical information availability in obstetric triage and prenatal offices. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Aug 18. [E]

Powell RE, Doty A, Casten RJ, Rovner BW, Rising KL. A qualitative analysis of interprofessional healthcare team members' perceptions of patient barriers to healthcare engagement. BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 Sep 20;16:493.

Ratwani RM, Wang E, Fong A, Cooper CJ. A Human Factors Approach to Understanding the Types and Sources of Interruptions in Radiology Reading Rooms. J Am Coll Radiol. 2016 Sep;13(9):1102-5.

Gao Y, Nocon RS, Gunter KE, Sharma R, Ngo-Metzger Q, Casalino LP, Chin MH. Characteristics Associated with Patient-Centered Medical Home Capability in Health Centers: A Cross-Sectional Analysis. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Sep;31(9):1041-51.

Mundt MP, Swedlund MP. A human factors systems approach to understanding team-based primary care: a qualitative analysis. Fam Pract. 2016 Aug 30. [E]

Federman AD, Sanchez-Munoz A, Jandorf L, Salmon C, Wolf MS, Kannry J. Patient and clinician perspectives on the outpatient after-visit summary: a qualitative study to inform improvements in visit summary design. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Aug 7. [E]

Lee WW, Alkureishi MA, Ukabiala O, Venable LR, Ngooi SS, Staisiunas DD, Wroblewski KE, Arora VM. Patient Perceptions of Electronic Medical Record Use by Faculty and Resident Physicians: A Mixed Methods Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2016. Jul 11. [E]

Aylor M, Campbell EM, Winter C, Phillipi CA. Resident Notes in an Electronic Health Record: A Mixed-Methods Study Using a Standardized Intervention With Qualitative Analysis. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2016 Jul 10. [E]

Ratwani RM, Zachary Hettinger A, Kosydar A, Fairbanks RJ, Hodgkins ML. A framework for evaluating electronic health record vendor user-centered design and usability testing processes. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Jul 3. [E]

Wolever RQ, Jordan M, Lawson K, Moore M. Advancing a new evidence-based professional in health care: job task analysis for health and wellness coaches. BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 Jun 27;16(1):205.

Lopez KD, Febretti A, Stifter J, Johnson A, Wilkie DJ, Keenan G. Toward a More Robust and Efficient Usability Testing Method of Clinical Decision Support for Nurses Derived From Nursing Electronic Health Record Data. Int J Nurs Knowl. 2016
Jun 24. [E]

Benda NC, Meadors ML, Hettinger AZ, Ratwani RM. Emergency Physician Task Switching Increases With the Introduction of a Commercial Electronic Health Record. Ann Emerg Med. 2016 Jun;67(6):741-6.

Mentis HM, Chellali A, Manser K, Cao CG, Schwaitzberg SD. A systematic review of the effect of distraction on surgeon performance: directions for operating room policy and surgical training. Surg Endosc. 2016 May;30(5):1713-24.

Huang YH, Gramopadhye AK. Recommendations for health information technology implementation in rural hospitals. Int J Health Care Qual Assur. 2016 May 9;29(4):454-74.

Patel MS, Day SC, Halpern SD, Hanson CW, Martinez JR, Honeywell S Jr, Volpp KG. Generic Medication Prescription Rates After Health System-Wide Redesign of Default Options Within the Electronic Health Record. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 May 9. [E]

Bruns EJ, Hyde KL, Sather A, Hook AN, Lyon AR. Applying User Input to the Design and Testing of an Electronic Behavioral Health Information System for Wraparound Care Coordination. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 May;43(3):350-68. [E]

Cresswell KM, Mozaffar H, Lee L, Williams R, Sheikh A. Workarounds to hospital electronic prescribing systems: a qualitative study in English hospitals. BMJ Qual Saf. 2016 Apr 29. [E]

Thompson MJ, Reilly JD, Valdez RS. Work system barriers to patient, provider, and caregiver use of personal health records: A systematic review. Appl Ergon. 2016 May;54:218-42.

Ghosh A, McCarthy S, Halcomb E. Perceptions of primary care staff on a regional data quality intervention in Australian general practice: a qualitative study. BMC Fam Pract. 2016 Apr 26;17:50.

Ellsworth MA, Dziadzko M, O'Horo JC, Farrell AM, Zhang J, Herasevich V. An appraisal of published usability evaluations of electronic health records via systematic review. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Apr 23. [E]

Fong A, Hoffman DJ, Zachary Hettinger A, Fairbanks RJ, Bisantz AM. Identifying visual search patterns in eye gaze data; gaining insights into physician visual workflow. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Apr 23[E]

Ratwani RM, Wang E, Fong A, Cooper CJ. A Human Factors Approach to Understanding the Types and Sources of Interruptions in Radiology Reading Rooms. J Am Coll Radiol. 2016 Apr 2. pii: S1546-1440(16)00171-X.

Or C, Tao D. A 3-Month Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial of a Patient-Centered, Computer-Based Self-Monitoring System for the Care of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension. J Med Syst. 2016 Apr;40(4):81.

Fidler R, Johnson M. Human Factors Approach to Comparative Usability of Hospital Manual Defibrillators. Resuscitation. 2016 Apr;101:71-6.

Wears RL, Fairbanks RJ. Design Trumps Training. Ann Emerg Med. 2016 Mar;67(3):316-7.

Kim MS, Aro MR, Lage KJ, Ingalls KL, Sindhwani V, Markey MK. Exploring the Usability of Mobile Apps Supporting Radiologists' Training in Diagnostic Decision Making. J Am Coll Radiol. 2016 Mar;13(3):335-43.

Militello LG, Saleem JJ, Borders MR, Sushereba CE, Haverkamp D, Wolf SP, Doebbeling BN. Designing Colorectal Cancer Screening Decision Support: A Cognitive Engineering Enterprise. J Cogn Eng Decis Mak. 2016 Mar;10(1):74-90.

Tran K, Leblanc K, Valentinis A, Kavanagh D, Zahr N, Ivers NM. Evaluating the Usability and Perceived Impact of an Electronic Medical Record Toolkit for Atrial Fibrillation Management in Primary Care: A Mixed-Methods Study Incorporating Human Factors Design. JMIR Hum Factors. 2016 Feb 17;3(1):e7.

Clarke MA, Belden JL, Kim MS. How Does Learnability of Primary Care Resident Physicians Increase After Seven Months of Using an Electronic Health Record? A longitudinal Study. JMIR Hum Factors. 2016 Feb 15;3(1):e9.

Kilsdonk E, Peute LW, Riezebos RJ, Kremer LC, Jaspers MW. Uncovering healthcare practitioners' information processing using the think-aloud method: From paper-based guideline to clinical decision support system. Int J Med Inform. 2016 Feb;86:10-9.

Horstman MJ, Cowart JB, Mcmaster-Baxter NL, Trautner BW, Stewart DE. A human factors approach to improving electronic performance measurement of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis. Int J Qual Health Care. 2016 Feb;28(1):59-65.

Mitchell RJ, Williamson A, Molesworth B. Application of a human factors classification framework for patient safety to identify precursor and contributing factors to adverse clinical incidents in hospital. Appl Ergon. 2016 Jan;52:185-95.

Probst CA, Wolf L, Bollini M, Xiao Y. Human factors engineering approaches to patient identification armband design. Appl Ergon. 2016 Jan;52:1-7.

Brennan PA, Mitchell DA, Holmes S, Plint S, Parry D. Good people who try their best can have problems: recognition of human factors and how to minimize error. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2016 Jan;54(1):3-7.

Suebnukarn S, Chanakarn P, Phisutphatthana S, Pongpatarat K, Wongwaithongdee U, Oupadissakoon C. Understanding information synthesis in oral surgery for the design of systems for clinical information technology. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2015 Dec;53(10):968-75.

Carayon P, Kianfar S, Li Y, Xie A, Alyousef B, Wooldridge A. A systematic review of mixed methods research on human factors and ergonomics in health care. Appl Ergon. 2015 Nov;51:291-321.

D'Angelo AL, Law KE, Cohen ER, Greenberg JA, Kwan C, Greenberg C, Wiegmann DA, Pugh CM. The use of error analysis to assess resident performance. Surgery. 2015 Nov;158(5):1408-14.

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