Updated April 26, 2018 (updated monthly on the 26th)
This page focuses on human factors methods and tools in relation to clinical work. Included are links to overviews of various analysis methods along with articles on the application of human factors methods in clinical care. For information specifically on EHR usability, see EHR Science Usability. Clinical workflow materials may be found here Clinical Workflow.
The websites below were chosen because of the quality of information they offer. They offer many references and tutorials and are good places to start learning about human factors methods. Article citations are provided as practical examples of human factors methods. (Clinical workflow and EHR usability have their own pages.)
AHRQ has aggregated a diverse set of references and tools on for key work analysis methods. Each method is accompanied by a brief outline and links to relevant, clinically-focused articles.
Hierarchical Task Analysis
Goals, Operators, Methods, and Selection Rules
Cognitive Task Analysis
Verbal Protocol Analysis
A Georgia Institute of Technology hosted site with great information about user-centered design.
User Experience Professional Association
Usability Book of Knowledge/Methods – This is a tremendous resource providing overviews and links to a wide variety of materials covering seemingly every possible human factors topic.
Patterson ES. Workarounds to Intended Use of Health Information Technology: A Narrative Review of the Human Factors Engineering Literature. Hum Factors. 2018 May;60(3):281-292.
Belyeu BM, Klein JW, Reisch LM, Peacock S, Oster NV, Elmore JG, Jackson SL. Patients' perceptions of their doctors' notes and after-visit summaries: A mixed methods study of patients at safety-net clinics. Health Expect. 2018 Apr;21(2):485-493.
Hudson D, Kushniruk A, Borycki E, Zuege DJ. Physician satisfaction with a critical care clinical information system using a multimethod evaluation of usability. Int J Med Inform. 2018 Apr;112:131-136.
Roumeliotis N, Parisien G, Charette S, Arpin E, Brunet F, Jouvet P. Reorganizing Care With the Implementation of Electronic Medical Records: A Time-Motion Study in the PICU. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 Apr;19(4):e172-e179.
Howe JL, Adams KT, Hettinger AZ, Ratwani RM. Electronic Health Record Usability Issues and Potential Contribution to Patient Harm. JAMA. 2018 Mar 27;319(12):1276-1278.
Fraccaro P, Vigo M, Balatsoukas P, Buchan IE, Peek N, van der Veer SN. The influence of patient portals on users' decision making is insufficiently investigated: A systematic methodological review. Int J Med Inform. 2018 Mar;111:100-111.
Tan M, Lipman S, Lee H, Sie L, Carvalho B. Evaluation of Electronic Medical Records on Nurses' Time Allocation During Cesarean Delivery. J Patient Saf. 2018 Feb 26. [E]
Ramelson H, Nederlof A, Karmiy S, Neri P, Kiernan D, Krishnamurthy R, Allen A, Bates DW. Closing the loop with an enhanced referral management system. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2018 Feb 17. [E]
Dahm MR, Georgiou A, Westbrook JI, Greenfield D, Horvath AR, Wakefield D, Li L, Hillman K, Bolton P, Brown A, Jones G, Herkes R, Lindeman R, Legg M, Makeham M, Moses D, Badmus D, Campbell C, Hardie RA, Li J, McCaughey E, Sezgin G, Thomas J, Wabe N. Delivering safe and effective test-result communication, management and follow-up: a mixed-methods study protocol. BMJ Open. 2018 Feb 15;8(2):e020235.
Ratanawongsa N, Matta GY, Bohsali FB, Chisolm MS. Reducing Misses and Near Misses Related to Multitasking on the Electronic Health Record: Observational Study and Qualitative Analysis. JMIR Hum Factors. 2018 Feb 6;5(1):e4.
DeGirolamo K, D'Souza K, Hall W, Joos E, Garraway N, Sing CK, McLaughlin P Hameed M. Process mapping as a framework for performance improvement in emergency general surgery. Can J Surg. 2018 Feb;61(1):13-18.
Hicks C, Petrosoniak A. The Human Factor: Optimizing Trauma Team Performance in Dynamic Clinical Environments. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2018 Feb;36(1):1-17.
van Gils-van Rooij ESJ, Meijboom BR, Broekman SM, Yzermans CJ, de Bakker DH. Is patient flow more efficient in Urgent Care Collaborations? Eur J Emerg Med. 2018 Feb;25(1):58-64.
Joukes E, Abu-Hanna A, Cornet R, de Keizer NF. Time Spent on Dedicated Patient Care and Documentation Tasks Before and After the Introduction of a Structured and Standardized Electronic Health Record. Appl Clin Inform. 2018 Jan;9(1):46-53.
Bristol AA, Nibbelink CW, Gephart SM, Carrington JM. Nurses' Use of Positive Deviance When Encountering Electronic Health Records-Related Unintended Consequences. Nurs Adm Q. 2018 Jan/Mar;42(1):E1-E11.
Hussain A, Oestreicher J. Clinical decision-making: heuristics and cognitive biases for the ophthalmologist. Surv Ophthalmol. 2018 Jan - Feb;63(1):119-124.
Rizvi RF, Marquard JL, Hultman GM, Adam TJ, Harder KA, Melton GB. Usability Evaluation of Electronic Health Record System around Clinical Notes Usage-An Ethnographic Study. Appl Clin Inform. 2017 Oct;8(4):1095-1.
Barwise A, Caples S, Jensen J, Pickering B, Herasevich V. Information needs for the rapid response team electronic clinical tool. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2017 Oct 2;17(1):142. doi: 10.1186/s12911-017-0540-3. PubMed PMID: 28969627; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5625769.
Heiden SM, Holden RJ, Alder CA, Bodke K, Boustani M. Human factors in mental health care: A work system analysis of a community-based program for older adults with depression and dementia. Appl Ergon. 2017 Oct;64:27-40.
Flach JM, Feufel MA, Reynolds PL, Parker SH, Kellogg KM. Decisionmaking in practice: The dynamics of muddling through. Appl Ergon. 2017 Sep;63:133-141.
Carrell DS, Schoen RE, Leffler DA, Morris M, Rose S, Baer A, Crockett SD, Gourevitch RA, Dean KM, Mehrotra A. Challenges in adapting existing clinical natural language processing systems to multiple, diverse health care settings. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Sep 1;24(5):986-991.
Leslie M, Paradis E, Gropper MA, Kitto S, Reeves S, Pronovost P. An Ethnographic Study of Health Information Technology Use in Three Intensive Care Units. Health Serv Res. 2017 Aug;52(4):1330-1348.
Cresswell KM, Blandford A, Sheikh A. Drawing on human factors engineering to evaluate the effectiveness of health information technology. J R Soc Med. 2017 Aug;110(8):309-315.
King AJ, Hochheiser H, Visweswaran S, Clermont G, Cooper GF. Eye-tracking for clinical decision support: A method to capture automatically what physicians are viewing in the EMR. AMIA Jt Summits Transl Sci Proc. 2017 Jul 26;2017:512-521.
Chang B, Kanagaraj M, Neely B, Segall N, Huang E. Triangulating Methodologies from Software, Medicine and Human Factors Industries to Measure Usability and Clinical Efficacy of Medication Data Visualization in an Electronic Health Record System. AMIA Jt Summits Transl Sci Proc. 2017 Jul 26;2017:473-482.
Higgins LW, Shovel JA, Bilderback AL, Lorenz HL, Martin SC, Rogers DJ, Minnier TE. Hospital Nurses' Work Activity in a Technology-Rich Environment: A Triangulated Quality Improvement Assessment. J Nurs Care Qual. 2017 Jul/Sep;32(3):208-217.
Harte R, Glynn L, Rodríguez-Molinero A, Baker PM, Scharf T, Quinlan LR, ÓLaighin G. A Human-Centered Design Methodology to Enhance the Usability, Human Factors, and User Experience of Connected Health Systems: A Three-Phase Methodology. JMIR Hum Factors. 2017 Mar 16;4(1):e8.
Vincent CJ, Blandford A. How do health service professionals consider human factors when purchasing interactive medical devices? A qualitative interview study. Appl Ergon. 2017 Mar;59(Pt A):114-122.
Méan M, Garnier A, Wenger N, Castioni J, Waeber G, Marques-Vidal P. Computer usage and task-switching during resident's working day: Disruptive or not? PLoS One. 2017 Feb 24;12(2):e0172878.
Luna DR, Rizzato Lede DA, Otero CM, Risk MR, González Bernaldo de Quirós F. User-centered design improves the usability of drug-drug interaction alerts: Experimental comparison of interfaces. J Biomed Inform. 2017 Feb;66:204-213.
Zazove P, McKee M, Schleicher L, Green L, Kileny P, Rapai M, Mulhem E. To act or not to act: responses to electronic health record prompts by family medicine clinicians. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Jan 31. [E]
Mamykina L, Carter EJ, Sheehan B, Stanley Hum R, Twohig BC, Kaufman DR. Driven to Distraction: The Nature and Apparent Purpose of Interruptions in Critical Care and Implications for HIT. J Biomed Inform. 2017 Jan 31. [E]
Vincent CJ, Blandford A. How do health service professionals consider human factors when purchasing interactive medical devices? A qualitative interview study. Appl Ergon. 2017 Mar;59(Pt A):114-122.
Kilsdonk E, Peute LW, Jaspers MW. Factors influencing implementation success of guideline-based clinical decision support systems: A systematic review and gaps analysis. Int J Med Inform. 2017 Feb;98:56-64.
Zachary Hettinger A, Roth E, Bisantz AM. Cognitive Engineering and Health Informatics: Applications and Intersections. J Biomed Inform. 2017 Jan 23. [E]
Roman LC, Ancker JS, Johnson SB, Senathirajah Y. Navigation in the Electronic Health Record: A Review of the Safety and Usability Literature. J Biomed Inform. 2017 Jan 11. [E]
ahead of print] Review. PubMed PMID: 28088527.
Scantlebury A, Sheard L, Watt I, Cairns P, Wright J, Adamson J. Exploring the implementation of an electronic record into a maternity unit: a qualitative study using Normalisation Process Theory. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2017 Jan 7;17(1):4.
Kaipio J, Lääveri T, Hyppönen H, Vainiomäki S, Reponen J, Kushniruk A, Borycki E, Vänskä J. Usability problems do not heal by themselves: National survey on physicians' experiences with EHRs in Finland. Int J Med Inform. 2017 Jan;97:266-281.
Ellsworth MA, Dziadzko M, O'Horo JC, Farrell AM, Zhang J, Herasevich V. An appraisal of published usability evaluations of electronic health records via systematic review. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Jan;24(1):218-226.
Schall MC Jr, Cullen L, Pennathur P, Chen H, Burrell K, Matthews G. Usability Evaluation and Implementation of a Health Information Technology Dashboard of Evidence-Based Quality Indicators. Comput Inform Nurs. 2016 Dec 21. [E]
Mundt MP, Swedlund MP. A human factors systems approach to understanding team-based primary care: a qualitative analysis. Fam Pract. 2016 Dec;33(6):721
Taylor S, Allsop MJ, Bekker HL, Bennett MI, Bewick BM. Identifying professionals' needs in integrating electronic pain monitoring in community palliative care services: An interview study. Palliat Med. 2016 Nov 11. [E]
Ratwani R, Fairbanks T, Savage E, Adams K, Wittie M, Boone E, Hayden A, Barnes J, Hettinger Z, Gettinger A. Mind the Gap. A systematic review to identify usability and safety challenges and practices during electronic health record implementation. Appl Clin Inform. 2016 Nov 16;7(4):1069-1087.
Horsky J, Ramelson HZ. Development of a cognitive framework of patient record summary review in the formative phase of user-centered design. J Biomed Inform. 2016 Dec;64:147-157.
Mundt MP, Swedlund MP. A human factors systems approach to understanding team-based primary care: a qualitative analysis. Fam Pract. 2016 Dec;33(6):721-726.
Press A, Khan S, McCullagh L, Schachter A, Pardo S, Kohn N, McGinn T. Avoiding alert fatigue in pulmonary embolism decision support: a new method to examine 'trigger rates'. Evid Based Med. 2016 Dec;21(6):203-207.
Scott PJ, Curley PJ, Williams PB, Linehan IP, Shaha SH. Measuring the operational impact of digitized hospital records: a mixed methods study. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2016 Nov 10;16(1):143.
Nelson P, Bell AJ, Nathanson L, Sanchez LD, Fisher J, Anderson PD. Ethnographic analysis on the use of the electronic medical record for clinical handoff. Intern Emerg Med. 2016 Nov 10. [E]
Pelayo S, Santos R. Human Factors and Organizational Issues in 2015: The Increasing Complexity of the Healthcare Domain Calls for More Comprehensive Approaches. Yearb Med Inform. 2016 Nov 10;(1):126-129.
Lo C, Teede H, Ilic D, Russell G, Murphy K, Usherwood T, Ranasinha S, Zoungas S. Identifying health service barriers in the management of co-morbid diabetes and chronic kidney disease in primary care: a mixed-methods exploration. Fam Pract. 2016 Oct;33(5):492-7.
Katsulis Z, Ergai A, Leung WY, Schenkel L, Rai A, Adelman J, Benneyan J, Bates DW, Dykes PC. Iterative user centered design for development of a patient-centered fall prevention toolkit. Appl Ergon. 2016 Sep;56:117-26.
Gold JA, Stephenson LE, Gorsuch A, Parthasarathy K, Mohan V. Feasibility of utilizing a commercial eye tracker to assess electronic health record use during patient simulation. Health Informatics J. 2016 Sep;22(3):744-57.
Malhotra S, Cheriff AD, Gossey JT, Cole CL, Kaushal R, Ancker JS. Effects of an e-Prescribing interface redesign on rates of generic drug prescribing: exploiting default options. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Sep;23(5):891-8.
Medlock S, Wyatt JC, Patel VL, Shortliffe EH, Abu-Hanna A. Modeling information flows in clinical decision support: key insights for enhancing system effectiveness. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Sep;23(5):1001-6.
Kim TY, Marek KD. Profiling Patient Characteristics Associated With the Intensity of Nurse Care Coordination. West J Nurs Res. 2016 Aug 26. [E]
Stevenson JE, Israelsson J, Nilsson G, Petersson G, Bath PA. Vital sign documentation in electronic records: The development of workarounds. Health Informatics J. 2016 Aug 19. [E]
Meyerhoefer CD, Sherer SA, Deily ME, Chou SY, Peng L, Hu T, Nihen M, Sheinberg M, Levick D. A mixed methods study of clinical information availability in obstetric triage and prenatal offices. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Aug 18. [E]
Powell RE, Doty A, Casten RJ, Rovner BW, Rising KL. A qualitative analysis of interprofessional healthcare team members' perceptions of patient barriers to healthcare engagement. BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 Sep 20;16:493.
Ratwani RM, Wang E, Fong A, Cooper CJ. A Human Factors Approach to Understanding the Types and Sources of Interruptions in Radiology Reading Rooms. J Am Coll Radiol. 2016 Sep;13(9):1102-5.
Gao Y, Nocon RS, Gunter KE, Sharma R, Ngo-Metzger Q, Casalino LP, Chin MH. Characteristics Associated with Patient-Centered Medical Home Capability in Health Centers: A Cross-Sectional Analysis. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Sep;31(9):1041-51.
Mundt MP, Swedlund MP. A human factors systems approach to understanding team-based primary care: a qualitative analysis. Fam Pract. 2016 Aug 30. [E]
Federman AD, Sanchez-Munoz A, Jandorf L, Salmon C, Wolf MS, Kannry J. Patient and clinician perspectives on the outpatient after-visit summary: a qualitative study to inform improvements in visit summary design. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Aug 7. [E]
Lee WW, Alkureishi MA, Ukabiala O, Venable LR, Ngooi SS, Staisiunas DD, Wroblewski KE, Arora VM. Patient Perceptions of Electronic Medical Record Use by Faculty and Resident Physicians: A Mixed Methods Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2016. Jul 11. [E]
Aylor M, Campbell EM, Winter C, Phillipi CA. Resident Notes in an Electronic Health Record: A Mixed-Methods Study Using a Standardized Intervention With Qualitative Analysis. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2016 Jul 10. [E]
Ratwani RM, Zachary Hettinger A, Kosydar A, Fairbanks RJ, Hodgkins ML. A framework for evaluating electronic health record vendor user-centered design and usability testing processes. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Jul 3. [E]
Wolever RQ, Jordan M, Lawson K, Moore M. Advancing a new evidence-based professional in health care: job task analysis for health and wellness coaches. BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 Jun 27;16(1):205.
Lopez KD, Febretti A, Stifter J, Johnson A, Wilkie DJ, Keenan G. Toward a More Robust and Efficient Usability Testing Method of Clinical Decision Support for Nurses Derived From Nursing Electronic Health Record Data. Int J Nurs Knowl. 2016
Jun 24. [E]
Benda NC, Meadors ML, Hettinger AZ, Ratwani RM. Emergency Physician Task Switching Increases With the Introduction of a Commercial Electronic Health Record. Ann Emerg Med. 2016 Jun;67(6):741-6.
Mentis HM, Chellali A, Manser K, Cao CG, Schwaitzberg SD. A systematic review of the effect of distraction on surgeon performance: directions for operating room policy and surgical training. Surg Endosc. 2016 May;30(5):1713-24.
Huang YH, Gramopadhye AK. Recommendations for health information technology implementation in rural hospitals. Int J Health Care Qual Assur. 2016 May 9;29(4):454-74.
Patel MS, Day SC, Halpern SD, Hanson CW, Martinez JR, Honeywell S Jr, Volpp KG. Generic Medication Prescription Rates After Health System-Wide Redesign of Default Options Within the Electronic Health Record. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 May 9. [E]
Bruns EJ, Hyde KL, Sather A, Hook AN, Lyon AR. Applying User Input to the Design and Testing of an Electronic Behavioral Health Information System for Wraparound Care Coordination. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 May;43(3):350-68. [E]
Cresswell KM, Mozaffar H, Lee L, Williams R, Sheikh A. Workarounds to hospital electronic prescribing systems: a qualitative study in English hospitals. BMJ Qual Saf. 2016 Apr 29. [E]
Thompson MJ, Reilly JD, Valdez RS. Work system barriers to patient, provider, and caregiver use of personal health records: A systematic review. Appl Ergon. 2016 May;54:218-42.
Ghosh A, McCarthy S, Halcomb E. Perceptions of primary care staff on a regional data quality intervention in Australian general practice: a qualitative study. BMC Fam Pract. 2016 Apr 26;17:50.
Ellsworth MA, Dziadzko M, O'Horo JC, Farrell AM, Zhang J, Herasevich V. An appraisal of published usability evaluations of electronic health records via systematic review. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Apr 23. [E]
Fong A, Hoffman DJ, Zachary Hettinger A, Fairbanks RJ, Bisantz AM. Identifying visual search patterns in eye gaze data; gaining insights into physician visual workflow. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Apr 23[E]
Ratwani RM, Wang E, Fong A, Cooper CJ. A Human Factors Approach to Understanding the Types and Sources of Interruptions in Radiology Reading Rooms. J Am Coll Radiol. 2016 Apr 2. pii: S1546-1440(16)00171-X.
Or C, Tao D. A 3-Month Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial of a Patient-Centered, Computer-Based Self-Monitoring System for the Care of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension. J Med Syst. 2016 Apr;40(4):81.
Fidler R, Johnson M. Human Factors Approach to Comparative Usability of Hospital Manual Defibrillators. Resuscitation. 2016 Apr;101:71-6.
Wears RL, Fairbanks RJ. Design Trumps Training. Ann Emerg Med. 2016 Mar;67(3):316-7.
Kim MS, Aro MR, Lage KJ, Ingalls KL, Sindhwani V, Markey MK. Exploring the Usability of Mobile Apps Supporting Radiologists' Training in Diagnostic Decision Making. J Am Coll Radiol. 2016 Mar;13(3):335-43.
Militello LG, Saleem JJ, Borders MR, Sushereba CE, Haverkamp D, Wolf SP, Doebbeling BN. Designing Colorectal Cancer Screening Decision Support: A Cognitive Engineering Enterprise. J Cogn Eng Decis Mak. 2016 Mar;10(1):74-90.
Tran K, Leblanc K, Valentinis A, Kavanagh D, Zahr N, Ivers NM. Evaluating the Usability and Perceived Impact of an Electronic Medical Record Toolkit for Atrial Fibrillation Management in Primary Care: A Mixed-Methods Study Incorporating Human Factors Design. JMIR Hum Factors. 2016 Feb 17;3(1):e7.
Clarke MA, Belden JL, Kim MS. How Does Learnability of Primary Care Resident Physicians Increase After Seven Months of Using an Electronic Health Record? A longitudinal Study. JMIR Hum Factors. 2016 Feb 15;3(1):e9.
Kilsdonk E, Peute LW, Riezebos RJ, Kremer LC, Jaspers MW. Uncovering healthcare practitioners' information processing using the think-aloud method: From paper-based guideline to clinical decision support system. Int J Med Inform. 2016 Feb;86:10-9.
Horstman MJ, Cowart JB, Mcmaster-Baxter NL, Trautner BW, Stewart DE. A human factors approach to improving electronic performance measurement of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis. Int J Qual Health Care. 2016 Feb;28(1):59-65.
Mitchell RJ, Williamson A, Molesworth B. Application of a human factors classification framework for patient safety to identify precursor and contributing factors to adverse clinical incidents in hospital. Appl Ergon. 2016 Jan;52:185-95.
Probst CA, Wolf L, Bollini M, Xiao Y. Human factors engineering approaches to patient identification armband design. Appl Ergon. 2016 Jan;52:1-7.
Brennan PA, Mitchell DA, Holmes S, Plint S, Parry D. Good people who try their best can have problems: recognition of human factors and how to minimize error. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2016 Jan;54(1):3-7.
Suebnukarn S, Chanakarn P, Phisutphatthana S, Pongpatarat K, Wongwaithongdee U, Oupadissakoon C. Understanding information synthesis in oral surgery for the design of systems for clinical information technology. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2015 Dec;53(10):968-75.
Carayon P, Kianfar S, Li Y, Xie A, Alyousef B, Wooldridge A. A systematic review of mixed methods research on human factors and ergonomics in health care. Appl Ergon. 2015 Nov;51:291-321.
D'Angelo AL, Law KE, Cohen ER, Greenberg JA, Kwan C, Greenberg C, Wiegmann DA, Pugh CM. The use of error analysis to assess resident performance. Surgery. 2015 Nov;158(5):1408-14.
Melton BL, Zillich AJ, Russell SA, Weiner M, McManus MS, Spina JR, Russ AL. Reducing prescribing errors through creatinine clearance alert redesign. Am J Med. 2015 Oct;128(10):1117-25.
Acher AW, LeCaire TJ, Hundt AS, Greenberg CC, Carayon P, Kind AJ, Weber SM. Using Human Factors and Systems Engineering to Evaluate Readmission after Complex Surgery. J Am Coll Surg. 2015 Oct;221(4):810-20.
Benda NC, Meadors ML, Zachary Hettinger A, Ratwani RM. Emergency Physician Task Switching Increases With the Introduction of a Commercial Electronic Health Record. Ann Emerg Med. 2015 Sep 10. pii: S0196-0644(15)01104-X.
Ratwani RM, Benda NC, Hettinger AZ, Fairbanks RJ. Electronic Health Record Vendor Adherence to Usability Certification Requirements and Testing Standards. JAMA. 2015 Sep 8;314(10):1070-1.
Al-Hakim L, Sevdalis N, Maiping T, Watanachote D, Sengupta S, Dissaranan C. Human error identification for laparoscopic surgery: Development of a motion economy perspective. Appl Ergon. 2015 Sep; 50:113-25.
Rayo MF, Kowalczyk N, Liston BW, Sanders EB, White S, Patterson ES. Comparing the Effectiveness of Alerts and Dynamically Annotated Visualizations (DAVs) in Improving Clinical Decision Making. Hum Factors. 2015 Sep;57(6):1002-14.
Pelayo S, Ong M. Human Factors and Ergonomics in the Design of Health Information Technology: Trends and Progress in 2014. Yearb Med Inform. 2015 Aug 13;10(1):75-8.
Zahabi M, Kaber DB, Swangnetr M. Usability and Safety in Electronic Medical Records Interface Design: A Review of Recent Literature and Guideline Formulation. Hum Factor
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Carayon P, Wetterneck TB, Alyousef B, Brown RL, Cartmill RS, McGuire K, Hoonakker PL, Slagle J, Van Roy KS, Walker JM, Weinger MB, Xie A, Wood KE. Impact of electronic health record technology on the work and workflow of physicians in the intensive care unit. Int J Med Inform. 2015 Aug;84(8):578-94.
Thiels CA, Lal TM, Nienow JM, Pasupathy KS, Blocker RC, Aho JM, Morgenthaler TI, Cima RR, Hallbeck S, Bingener J. Surgical never events and contributing human factors. Surgery. 2015 Aug;158(2):515-21.
Yusof MM. A case study evaluation of a Critical Care Information System adoption using the socio-technical and fit approach. Int J Med Inform. 2015 Jul;84(7):486-99.
Colligan L, Potts HW, Finn CT, Sinkin RA. Cognitive workload changes for nurses transitioning from a legacy system with paper documentation to a commercial electronic health record. Int J Med Inform. 2015 Jul;84(7):469-76.
Saleem JJ, Plew WR, Speir RC, Herout J, Wilck NR, Ryan DM, Cullen TA, Scott JM, Beene MS, Phillips T. Understanding barriers and facilitators to the use of Clinical Information Systems for intensive care units and Anesthesia Record Keeping: A rapid ethnography. Int J Med Inform. 2015 Jul;84(7):500-11.
Moacdieh N, Sarter N. Clutter in electronic medical records: examining its performance and attentional costs using eye tracking. Hum Factors. 2015 Jun;57(4):591-606.
Marcilly R, Ammenwerth E, Vasseur F, Roehrer E, Beuscart-Zéphir MC. Usability flaws of medication-related alerting functions: A systematic qualitative review. J Biomed Inform. 2015 Jun;55:260-71.
Peute LW, de Keizer NF, Jaspers MW. The value of Retrospective and Concurrent Think Aloud in formative usability testing of a physician data query tool. J Biomed Inform. 2015 Jun;55:1-1.
Davis J, Riesenberg LA, Mardis M, Donnelly J, Benningfield B, Youngstrom M, Vetter I. Evaluating Outcomes of Electronic Tools Supporting Physician Shift-to-Shift Handoffs: A Systematic Review. J Grad Med Educ. 2015 Jun;7(2):174-80.
Czaja SJ, Zarcadoolas C, Vaughon WL, Lee CC, Rockoff ML, Levy J. The usability of electronic personal health record systems for an underserved adult population. Hum Factors. 2015 May;57(3):491-506.
Koopman RJ, Steege LM, Moore JL, Clarke MA, Canfield SM, Kim MS, Belden JL. Physician Information Needs and Electronic Health Records (EHRs): Time to Reengineer the Clinic Note. J Am Board Fam Med. 2015 May-Jun;28(3):316-23.
Sax H, Clack L. Mental models: a basic concept for human factors design in infection prevention. J Hosp Infect. 2015 Apr;89(4):335-9.
Holden RJ, Schubert CC, Mickelson RS. The patient work system: an analysis of self-care performance barriers among elderly heart failure patients and their informal caregivers. Appl Ergon. 2015 Mar;47:133-50.
Vedanthan R, Blank E, Tuikong N, Kamano J, Misoi L, Tulienge D, Hutchinson C, Ascheim DD, Kimaiyo S, Fuster V, Were MC. Usability and feasibility of a tablet-based Decision-Support and Integrated Record-keeping (DESIRE) tool in the nurse management of hypertension in rural western Kenya. Int J Med Inform. 2015Mar;84(3):207-19.
Turner AM, Brownstein MK, Cole K, Karasz H, Kirchhoff K. Modeling workflow to design machine translation applications for public health practice. J Biomed Inform. 2015 Feb;53:136-46.
Neri PM, Redden L, Poole S, Pozner CN, Horsky J, Raja AS, Poon E, Schiff G, Landman A. Emergency medicine resident physicians' perceptions of electronic documentation and workflow: a mixed methods study. Appl Clin Inform. 2015 Jan 21;6(1):27-41.
Fung CH, Igodan U, Alessi C, Martin JL, Dzierzewski JM, Josephson K, Kramer BJ. Human factors/usability barriers to home medical devices among individuals with disabling conditions: in-depth interviews with positive airway pressure device users. Disabil Health J. 2015 Jan;8(1):86-92.
Patterson ES, Lowry SZ, Ramaiah M, Gibbons MC, Brick D, Calco R, Matton G, Miller A, Makar E, Ferrer JA. Improving Clinical Workflow in Ambulatory Care: Implemented Recommendations in an Innovation Prototype for the Veteran's Health Administration. EGEMS (Wash DC). 2015 Jul 9;3(2):1149.
Watbled L, Beuscart-Zephir MC, Guerlinger S, Douze L, Lepage E, Darmoni SJ, Marcilly R. Work System Characteristics Impacting the Performance and Quality of the Discharge Letter Process. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2015;218:40612.
Marcilly R, Peute LW, Beuscart-Zephir MC, Jaspers MW. Towards Evidence Based Usability in Health Informatics? Stud Health Technol Inform. 2015;218:40597.
Gibbons MC, Lowry SZ, Patterson ES. Applying Human Factors Principles to Mitigate Usability Issues Related to Embedded Assumptions in Health Information Technology Design. JMIR Hum Factors. 2014 Dec 18;1(1):e3.
Beer JM, McBride SE, Mitzner TL, Rogers WA. Understanding challenges in the front lines of home health care: a human-systems approach. Appl Ergon. 2014 Nov;45(6):1687-99.
Meeks DW, Smith MW, Taylor L, Sittig DF, Scott JM, Singh H. An analysis of electronic health record-related patient safety concerns. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Nov-Dec;21(6):1053-9.
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