Updated March 24, 2017 (updated monthly on the 26th)

This page focuses on human factors methods and tools in relation to clinical work. Included are links to overviews of various analysis methods along with articles on the application of human factors methods in clinical care. For information specifically on EHR usability, see EHR Science Usability. Clinical workflow materials may be found here Clinical Workflow

The websites below were chosen because of the quality of information they offer. They offer many references and tutorials and are good places to start learning about human factors methods. Article citations are provided as practical examples of human factors methods. (Clinical workflow and EHR usability have their own pages.)

Websites
AHRQ
AHRQ has aggregated a diverse set of references and tools on for key work analysis methods. Each method is accompanied by a brief outline and links to relevant, clinically-focused articles.
Hierarchical Task Analysis
Goals, Operators, Methods, and Selection Rules
Cognitive Task Analysis
Verbal Protocol Analysis
Task Decomposition

EROG TMC
A Georgia Institute of Technology hosted site with great information about user-centered design.
User-Centered Design

User Experience Professional Association
Usability Book of Knowledge/Methods – This is a tremendous resource providing overviews and links to a wide variety of materials covering seemingly every possible human factors topic.

Articles  
Harte R, Glynn L, Rodríguez-Molinero A, Baker PM, Scharf T, Quinlan LR, ÓLaighin G. A Human-Centered Design Methodology to Enhance the Usability, Human Factors, and User Experience of Connected Health Systems: A Three-Phase Methodology. JMIR Hum Factors. 2017 Mar 16;4(1):e8.

Vincent CJ, Blandford A. How do health service professionals consider human factors when purchasing interactive medical devices? A qualitative interview study. Appl Ergon. 2017 Mar;59(Pt A):114-122.

Méan M, Garnier A, Wenger N, Castioni J, Waeber G, Marques-Vidal P. Computer usage and task-switching during resident's working day: Disruptive or not? PLoS One. 2017 Feb 24;12(2):e0172878.

Luna DR, Rizzato Lede DA, Otero CM, Risk MR, González Bernaldo de Quirós F. User-centered design improves the usability of drug-drug interaction alerts: Experimental comparison of interfaces. J Biomed Inform. 2017 Feb;66:204-213.

Zazove P, McKee M, Schleicher L, Green L, Kileny P, Rapai M, Mulhem E. To act or not to act: responses to electronic health record prompts by family medicine clinicians. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Jan 31. [E]

Mamykina L, Carter EJ, Sheehan B, Stanley Hum R, Twohig BC, Kaufman DR. Driven to Distraction: The Nature and Apparent Purpose of Interruptions in Critical Care and Implications for HIT. J Biomed Inform. 2017 Jan 31. [E]

Vincent CJ, Blandford A. How do health service professionals consider human factors when purchasing interactive medical devices? A qualitative interview study. Appl Ergon. 2017 Mar;59(Pt A):114-122.

Kilsdonk E, Peute LW, Jaspers MW. Factors influencing implementation success of guideline-based clinical decision support systems: A systematic review and gaps analysis. Int J Med Inform. 2017 Feb;98:56-64.

Zachary Hettinger A, Roth E, Bisantz AM. Cognitive Engineering and Health Informatics: Applications and Intersections. J Biomed Inform. 2017 Jan 23. [E]

Roman LC, Ancker JS, Johnson SB, Senathirajah Y. Navigation in the Electronic Health Record: A Review of the Safety and Usability Literature. J Biomed Inform. 2017 Jan 11. [E]
ahead of print] Review. PubMed PMID: 28088527.

Scantlebury A, Sheard L, Watt I, Cairns P, Wright J, Adamson J. Exploring the implementation of an electronic record into a maternity unit: a qualitative study using Normalisation Process Theory. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2017 Jan 7;17(1):4.

Kaipio J, Lääveri T, Hyppönen H, Vainiomäki S, Reponen J, Kushniruk A, Borycki E, Vänskä J. Usability problems do not heal by themselves: National survey on physicians' experiences with EHRs in Finland. Int J Med Inform. 2017 Jan;97:266-281.

Ellsworth MA, Dziadzko M, O'Horo JC, Farrell AM, Zhang J, Herasevich V. An appraisal of published usability evaluations of electronic health records via systematic review. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Jan;24(1):218-226.

2016
Schall MC Jr, Cullen L, Pennathur P, Chen H, Burrell K, Matthews G. Usability Evaluation and Implementation of a Health Information Technology Dashboard of Evidence-Based Quality Indicators. Comput Inform Nurs. 2016 Dec 21. [E]

Mundt MP, Swedlund MP. A human factors systems approach to understanding team-based primary care: a qualitative analysis. Fam Pract. 2016 Dec;33(6):721

Taylor S, Allsop MJ, Bekker HL, Bennett MI, Bewick BM. Identifying professionals' needs in integrating electronic pain monitoring in community palliative care services: An interview study. Palliat Med. 2016 Nov 11. [E]

Ratwani R, Fairbanks T, Savage E, Adams K, Wittie M, Boone E, Hayden A, Barnes J, Hettinger Z, Gettinger A. Mind the Gap. A systematic review to identify usability and safety challenges and practices during electronic health record implementation. Appl Clin Inform. 2016 Nov 16;7(4):1069-1087.

Horsky J, Ramelson HZ. Development of a cognitive framework of patient record summary review in the formative phase of user-centered design. J Biomed Inform. 2016 Dec;64:147-157.

Mundt MP, Swedlund MP. A human factors systems approach to understanding team-based primary care: a qualitative analysis. Fam Pract. 2016 Dec;33(6):721-726.

Press A, Khan S, McCullagh L, Schachter A, Pardo S, Kohn N, McGinn T. Avoiding alert fatigue in pulmonary embolism decision support: a new method to examine 'trigger rates'. Evid Based Med. 2016 Dec;21(6):203-207.

Scott PJ, Curley PJ, Williams PB, Linehan IP, Shaha SH. Measuring the operational impact of digitized hospital records: a mixed methods study. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2016 Nov 10;16(1):143.

Nelson P, Bell AJ, Nathanson L, Sanchez LD, Fisher J, Anderson PD. Ethnographic analysis on the use of the electronic medical record for clinical handoff. Intern Emerg Med. 2016 Nov 10. [E]

Pelayo S, Santos R. Human Factors and Organizational Issues in 2015: The Increasing Complexity of the Healthcare Domain Calls for More Comprehensive Approaches. Yearb Med Inform. 2016 Nov 10;(1):126-129.

Lo C, Teede H, Ilic D, Russell G, Murphy K, Usherwood T, Ranasinha S, Zoungas S. Identifying health service barriers in the management of co-morbid diabetes and chronic kidney disease in primary care: a mixed-methods exploration. Fam Pract. 2016 Oct;33(5):492-7.

Katsulis Z, Ergai A, Leung WY, Schenkel L, Rai A, Adelman J, Benneyan J, Bates DW, Dykes PC. Iterative user centered design for development of a patient-centered fall prevention toolkit. Appl Ergon. 2016 Sep;56:117-26.

Gold JA, Stephenson LE, Gorsuch A, Parthasarathy K, Mohan V. Feasibility of utilizing a commercial eye tracker to assess electronic health record use during patient simulation. Health Informatics J. 2016 Sep;22(3):744-57.

Malhotra S, Cheriff AD, Gossey JT, Cole CL, Kaushal R, Ancker JS. Effects of an e-Prescribing interface redesign on rates of generic drug prescribing: exploiting default options. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Sep;23(5):891-8.

Medlock S, Wyatt JC, Patel VL, Shortliffe EH, Abu-Hanna A. Modeling information flows in clinical decision support: key insights for enhancing system effectiveness. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Sep;23(5):1001-6.

Kim TY, Marek KD. Profiling Patient Characteristics Associated With the Intensity of Nurse Care Coordination. West J Nurs Res. 2016 Aug 26. [E]

Stevenson JE, Israelsson J, Nilsson G, Petersson G, Bath PA. Vital sign documentation in electronic records: The development of workarounds. Health Informatics J. 2016 Aug 19. [E]

Meyerhoefer CD, Sherer SA, Deily ME, Chou SY, Peng L, Hu T, Nihen M, Sheinberg M, Levick D. A mixed methods study of clinical information availability in obstetric triage and prenatal offices. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Aug 18. [E]

Powell RE, Doty A, Casten RJ, Rovner BW, Rising KL. A qualitative analysis of interprofessional healthcare team members' perceptions of patient barriers to healthcare engagement. BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 Sep 20;16:493.

Ratwani RM, Wang E, Fong A, Cooper CJ. A Human Factors Approach to Understanding the Types and Sources of Interruptions in Radiology Reading Rooms. J Am Coll Radiol. 2016 Sep;13(9):1102-5.

Gao Y, Nocon RS, Gunter KE, Sharma R, Ngo-Metzger Q, Casalino LP, Chin MH. Characteristics Associated with Patient-Centered Medical Home Capability in Health Centers: A Cross-Sectional Analysis. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Sep;31(9):1041-51.

Mundt MP, Swedlund MP. A human factors systems approach to understanding team-based primary care: a qualitative analysis. Fam Pract. 2016 Aug 30. [E]

Federman AD, Sanchez-Munoz A, Jandorf L, Salmon C, Wolf MS, Kannry J. Patient and clinician perspectives on the outpatient after-visit summary: a qualitative study to inform improvements in visit summary design. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Aug 7. [E]

Lee WW, Alkureishi MA, Ukabiala O, Venable LR, Ngooi SS, Staisiunas DD, Wroblewski KE, Arora VM. Patient Perceptions of Electronic Medical Record Use by Faculty and Resident Physicians: A Mixed Methods Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2016. Jul 11. [E]

Aylor M, Campbell EM, Winter C, Phillipi CA. Resident Notes in an Electronic Health Record: A Mixed-Methods Study Using a Standardized Intervention With Qualitative Analysis. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2016 Jul 10. [E]

Ratwani RM, Zachary Hettinger A, Kosydar A, Fairbanks RJ, Hodgkins ML. A framework for evaluating electronic health record vendor user-centered design and usability testing processes. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Jul 3. [E]

Wolever RQ, Jordan M, Lawson K, Moore M. Advancing a new evidence-based professional in health care: job task analysis for health and wellness coaches. BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 Jun 27;16(1):205.

Lopez KD, Febretti A, Stifter J, Johnson A, Wilkie DJ, Keenan G. Toward a More Robust and Efficient Usability Testing Method of Clinical Decision Support for Nurses Derived From Nursing Electronic Health Record Data. Int J Nurs Knowl. 2016
Jun 24. [E]

Benda NC, Meadors ML, Hettinger AZ, Ratwani RM. Emergency Physician Task Switching Increases With the Introduction of a Commercial Electronic Health Record. Ann Emerg Med. 2016 Jun;67(6):741-6.

Mentis HM, Chellali A, Manser K, Cao CG, Schwaitzberg SD. A systematic review of the effect of distraction on surgeon performance: directions for operating room policy and surgical training. Surg Endosc. 2016 May;30(5):1713-24.

Huang YH, Gramopadhye AK. Recommendations for health information technology implementation in rural hospitals. Int J Health Care Qual Assur. 2016 May 9;29(4):454-74.

Patel MS, Day SC, Halpern SD, Hanson CW, Martinez JR, Honeywell S Jr, Volpp KG. Generic Medication Prescription Rates After Health System-Wide Redesign of Default Options Within the Electronic Health Record. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 May 9. [E]

Bruns EJ, Hyde KL, Sather A, Hook AN, Lyon AR. Applying User Input to the Design and Testing of an Electronic Behavioral Health Information System for Wraparound Care Coordination. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 May;43(3):350-68. [E]

Cresswell KM, Mozaffar H, Lee L, Williams R, Sheikh A. Workarounds to hospital electronic prescribing systems: a qualitative study in English hospitals. BMJ Qual Saf. 2016 Apr 29. [E]

Thompson MJ, Reilly JD, Valdez RS. Work system barriers to patient, provider, and caregiver use of personal health records: A systematic review. Appl Ergon. 2016 May;54:218-42.

Ghosh A, McCarthy S, Halcomb E. Perceptions of primary care staff on a regional data quality intervention in Australian general practice: a qualitative study. BMC Fam Pract. 2016 Apr 26;17:50.

Ellsworth MA, Dziadzko M, O'Horo JC, Farrell AM, Zhang J, Herasevich V. An appraisal of published usability evaluations of electronic health records via systematic review. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Apr 23. [E]

Fong A, Hoffman DJ, Zachary Hettinger A, Fairbanks RJ, Bisantz AM. Identifying visual search patterns in eye gaze data; gaining insights into physician visual workflow. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Apr 23[E]

Ratwani RM, Wang E, Fong A, Cooper CJ. A Human Factors Approach to Understanding the Types and Sources of Interruptions in Radiology Reading Rooms. J Am Coll Radiol. 2016 Apr 2. pii: S1546-1440(16)00171-X.

Or C, Tao D. A 3-Month Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial of a Patient-Centered, Computer-Based Self-Monitoring System for the Care of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension. J Med Syst. 2016 Apr;40(4):81.

Fidler R, Johnson M. Human Factors Approach to Comparative Usability of Hospital Manual Defibrillators. Resuscitation. 2016 Apr;101:71-6.

Wears RL, Fairbanks RJ. Design Trumps Training. Ann Emerg Med. 2016 Mar;67(3):316-7.

Kim MS, Aro MR, Lage KJ, Ingalls KL, Sindhwani V, Markey MK. Exploring the Usability of Mobile Apps Supporting Radiologists' Training in Diagnostic Decision Making. J Am Coll Radiol. 2016 Mar;13(3):335-43.

Militello LG, Saleem JJ, Borders MR, Sushereba CE, Haverkamp D, Wolf SP, Doebbeling BN. Designing Colorectal Cancer Screening Decision Support: A Cognitive Engineering Enterprise. J Cogn Eng Decis Mak. 2016 Mar;10(1):74-90.

Tran K, Leblanc K, Valentinis A, Kavanagh D, Zahr N, Ivers NM. Evaluating the Usability and Perceived Impact of an Electronic Medical Record Toolkit for Atrial Fibrillation Management in Primary Care: A Mixed-Methods Study Incorporating Human Factors Design. JMIR Hum Factors. 2016 Feb 17;3(1):e7.

Clarke MA, Belden JL, Kim MS. How Does Learnability of Primary Care Resident Physicians Increase After Seven Months of Using an Electronic Health Record? A longitudinal Study. JMIR Hum Factors. 2016 Feb 15;3(1):e9.

Kilsdonk E, Peute LW, Riezebos RJ, Kremer LC, Jaspers MW. Uncovering healthcare practitioners' information processing using the think-aloud method: From paper-based guideline to clinical decision support system. Int J Med Inform. 2016 Feb;86:10-9.

Horstman MJ, Cowart JB, Mcmaster-Baxter NL, Trautner BW, Stewart DE. A human factors approach to improving electronic performance measurement of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis. Int J Qual Health Care. 2016 Feb;28(1):59-65.

Mitchell RJ, Williamson A, Molesworth B. Application of a human factors classification framework for patient safety to identify precursor and contributing factors to adverse clinical incidents in hospital. Appl Ergon. 2016 Jan;52:185-95.

Probst CA, Wolf L, Bollini M, Xiao Y. Human factors engineering approaches to patient identification armband design. Appl Ergon. 2016 Jan;52:1-7.

Brennan PA, Mitchell DA, Holmes S, Plint S, Parry D. Good people who try their best can have problems: recognition of human factors and how to minimize error. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2016 Jan;54(1):3-7.

2015
Suebnukarn S, Chanakarn P, Phisutphatthana S, Pongpatarat K, Wongwaithongdee U, Oupadissakoon C. Understanding information synthesis in oral surgery for the design of systems for clinical information technology. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2015 Dec;53(10):968-75.

Carayon P, Kianfar S, Li Y, Xie A, Alyousef B, Wooldridge A. A systematic review of mixed methods research on human factors and ergonomics in health care. Appl Ergon. 2015 Nov;51:291-321.

D'Angelo AL, Law KE, Cohen ER, Greenberg JA, Kwan C, Greenberg C, Wiegmann DA, Pugh CM. The use of error analysis to assess resident performance. Surgery. 2015 Nov;158(5):1408-14.

Melton BL, Zillich AJ, Russell SA, Weiner M, McManus MS, Spina JR, Russ AL. Reducing prescribing errors through creatinine clearance alert redesign. Am J Med. 2015 Oct;128(10):1117-25.

Acher AW, LeCaire TJ, Hundt AS, Greenberg CC, Carayon P, Kind AJ, Weber SM. Using Human Factors and Systems Engineering to Evaluate Readmission after Complex Surgery. J Am Coll Surg. 2015 Oct;221(4):810-20.

Benda NC, Meadors ML, Zachary Hettinger A, Ratwani RM. Emergency Physician Task Switching Increases With the Introduction of a Commercial Electronic Health Record. Ann Emerg Med. 2015 Sep 10. pii: S0196-0644(15)01104-X.

Ratwani RM, Benda NC, Hettinger AZ, Fairbanks RJ. Electronic Health Record Vendor Adherence to Usability Certification Requirements and Testing Standards. JAMA. 2015 Sep 8;314(10):1070-1.

Al-Hakim L, Sevdalis N, Maiping T, Watanachote D, Sengupta S, Dissaranan C. Human error identification for laparoscopic surgery: Development of a motion economy perspective. Appl Ergon. 2015 Sep; 50:113-25.

Rayo MF, Kowalczyk N, Liston BW, Sanders EB, White S, Patterson ES. Comparing the Effectiveness of Alerts and Dynamically Annotated Visualizations (DAVs) in Improving Clinical Decision Making. Hum Factors. 2015 Sep;57(6):1002-14.

Pelayo S, Ong M. Human Factors and Ergonomics in the Design of Health Information Technology: Trends and Progress in 2014. Yearb Med Inform. 2015 Aug 13;10(1):75-8.

Zahabi M, Kaber DB, Swangnetr M. Usability and Safety in Electronic Medical Records Interface Design: A Review of Recent Literature and Guideline Formulation. Hum Factor
s. 2015 Aug;57(5):805-34.
Carayon P, Wetterneck TB, Alyousef B, Brown RL, Cartmill RS, McGuire K, Hoonakker PL, Slagle J, Van Roy KS, Walker JM, Weinger MB, Xie A, Wood KE. Impact of electronic health record technology on the work and workflow of physicians in the intensive care unit. Int J Med Inform. 2015 Aug;84(8):578-94.

Thiels CA, Lal TM, Nienow JM, Pasupathy KS, Blocker RC, Aho JM, Morgenthaler TI, Cima RR, Hallbeck S, Bingener J. Surgical never events and contributing human factors. Surgery. 2015 Aug;158(2):515-21.

Yusof MM. A case study evaluation of a Critical Care Information System adoption using the socio-technical and fit approach. Int J Med Inform. 2015 Jul;84(7):486-99.

Colligan L, Potts HW, Finn CT, Sinkin RA. Cognitive workload changes for nurses transitioning from a legacy system with paper documentation to a commercial electronic health record. Int J Med Inform. 2015 Jul;84(7):469-76.

Saleem JJ, Plew WR, Speir RC, Herout J, Wilck NR, Ryan DM, Cullen TA, Scott JM, Beene MS, Phillips T. Understanding barriers and facilitators to the use of Clinical Information Systems for intensive care units and Anesthesia Record Keeping: A rapid ethnography. Int J Med Inform. 2015 Jul;84(7):500-11.

Moacdieh N, Sarter N. Clutter in electronic medical records: examining its performance and attentional costs using eye tracking. Hum Factors. 2015 Jun;57(4):591-606.

Marcilly R, Ammenwerth E, Vasseur F, Roehrer E, Beuscart-Zéphir MC. Usability flaws of medication-related alerting functions: A systematic qualitative review. J Biomed Inform. 2015 Jun;55:260-71.

Peute LW, de Keizer NF, Jaspers MW. The value of Retrospective and Concurrent Think Aloud in formative usability testing of a physician data query tool. J Biomed Inform. 2015 Jun;55:1-1.

Davis J, Riesenberg LA, Mardis M, Donnelly J, Benningfield B, Youngstrom M, Vetter I. Evaluating Outcomes of Electronic Tools Supporting Physician Shift-to-Shift Handoffs: A Systematic Review. J Grad Med Educ. 2015 Jun;7(2):174-80.

Czaja SJ, Zarcadoolas C, Vaughon WL, Lee CC, Rockoff ML, Levy J. The usability of electronic personal health record systems for an underserved adult population. Hum Factors. 2015 May;57(3):491-506.

Koopman RJ, Steege LM, Moore JL, Clarke MA, Canfield SM, Kim MS, Belden JL. Physician Information Needs and Electronic Health Records (EHRs): Time to Reengineer the Clinic Note. J Am Board Fam Med. 2015 May-Jun;28(3):316-23.

Sax H, Clack L. Mental models: a basic concept for human factors design in infection prevention. J Hosp Infect. 2015 Apr;89(4):335-9.

Holden RJ, Schubert CC, Mickelson RS. The patient work system: an analysis of self-care performance barriers among elderly heart failure patients and their informal caregivers. Appl Ergon. 2015 Mar;47:133-50.
Vedanthan R, Blank E, Tuikong N, Kamano J, Misoi L, Tulienge D, Hutchinson C, Ascheim DD, Kimaiyo S, Fuster V, Were MC. Usability and feasibility of a tablet-based Decision-Support and Integrated Record-keeping (DESIRE) tool in the nurse management of hypertension in rural western Kenya. Int J Med Inform. 2015Mar;84(3):207-19.

Turner AM, Brownstein MK, Cole K, Karasz H, Kirchhoff K. Modeling workflow to design machine translation applications for public health practice. J Biomed Inform. 2015 Feb;53:136-46.

Neri PM, Redden L, Poole S, Pozner CN, Horsky J, Raja AS, Poon E, Schiff G, Landman A. Emergency medicine resident physicians' perceptions of electronic documentation and workflow: a mixed methods study. Appl Clin Inform. 2015 Jan 21;6(1):27-41.

Fung CH, Igodan U, Alessi C, Martin JL, Dzierzewski JM, Josephson K, Kramer BJ. Human factors/usability barriers to home medical devices among individuals with disabling conditions: in-depth interviews with positive airway pressure device users. Disabil Health J. 2015 Jan;8(1):86-92.

Patterson ES, Lowry SZ, Ramaiah M, Gibbons MC, Brick D, Calco R, Matton G, Miller A, Makar E, Ferrer JA. Improving Clinical Workflow in Ambulatory Care: Implemented Recommendations in an Innovation Prototype for the Veteran's Health Administration. EGEMS (Wash DC). 2015 Jul 9;3(2):1149.

Watbled L, Beuscart-Zephir MC, Guerlinger S, Douze L, Lepage E, Darmoni SJ, Marcilly R. Work System Characteristics Impacting the Performance and Quality of the Discharge Letter Process. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2015;218:40612.

Marcilly R, Peute LW, Beuscart-Zephir MC, Jaspers MW. Towards Evidence Based Usability in Health Informatics? Stud Health Technol Inform. 2015;218:40597.

2014
Gibbons MC, Lowry SZ, Patterson ES. Applying Human Factors Principles to Mitigate Usability Issues Related to Embedded Assumptions in Health Information Technology Design. JMIR Hum Factors. 2014 Dec 18;1(1):e3.

Beer JM, McBride SE, Mitzner TL, Rogers WA. Understanding challenges in the front lines of home health care: a human-systems approach. Appl Ergon. 2014 Nov;45(6):1687-99.

Meeks DW, Smith MW, Taylor L, Sittig DF, Scott JM, Singh H. An analysis of electronic health record-related patient safety concerns. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Nov-Dec;21(6):1053-9.

Lewis VR, Clark L, Benda N, Hardwick MJ. Reducing healthcare-associated infections in an ambulatory dialysis unit: Identification and alignment of work system factors. Am J Infect Control. 2014 Oct;42(10 Suppl):S284-90.

Phansalkar S, Zachariah M, Seidling HM, Mendes C, Volk L, Bates DW. Evaluation of medication alerts in electronic health records for compliance with human factors principles. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Oct;21(e2):e332-40.

Russ AL, Zillich AJ, Melton BL, Russell SA, Chen S, Spina JR, Weiner M, Johnson EG, Daggy JK, McManus MS, Hawsey JM, Puleo AG, Doebbeling BN, Saleem JJ. Applying human factors principles to alert design increases efficiency and reduces prescribing errors in a scenario-based simulation. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Oct;21(e2):e287-96.

Shyr C, Kushniruk A, Wasserman WW. Usability study of clinical exome analysis software: top lessons learned and recommendations. J Biomed Inform. 2014 Oct;51:129-36.

McCartney P. Human factors, usability, and the electronic health record. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2014 Sep-Oct;39(5):333.

Fawcett TJ, Rhynas SJ. Re-finding the 'human side' of human factors in nursing: helping student nurses to combine person-centred care with the rigours of patient safety. Nurse Educ Today. 2014 Sep;34(9):1238-41.

Glarner CE, Hu YY, Chen CH, Radwin RG, Zhao Q, Craven MW, Wiegmann DA, Pugh CM, Carty MJ, Greenberg CC. Quantifying technical skills during open operations using video-based motion analysis. Surgery. 2014 Sep;156(3):729-34.

Declerck G, Aimé X. Reasons (not) to Spend a Few Billions More on EHRs: How Human Factors Research Can Help. Yearb Med Inform. 2014 Aug 15;9:90-6.

Patel VL, Kannampallil TG. Human factors and health information technology: current challenges and future directions. Yearb Med Inform. 2014 Aug 15;9:58-66.

Clack L, Kuster SP, Giger H, Giuliani F, Sax H. Low-hanging fruit for human factors design in infection prevention--still too high to reach? Am J Infect Control. 2014 Jun;42(6):679-81.

Erichsen Andersson A, Petzold M, Bergh I, Karlsson J, Eriksson BI, Nilsson K. Comparison between mixed and laminar airflow systems in operating rooms and the influence of human factors: experiences from a Swedish orthopedic center. Am J Infect Control. 2014 Jun;42(6):665-9.

Walji MF, Kalenderian E, Piotrowski M, Tran D, Kookal KK, Tokede O, White JM, Vaderhobli R, Ramoni R, Stark PC, Kimmes NS, Lagerweij M, Patel VL. Are three methods better than one? A comparative assessment of usability evaluation methods in an EHR. Int J Med Inform. 2014 May;83(5):361-7.

Thyvalikakath TP, Dziabiak MP, Johnson R, Torres-Urquidy MH, Acharya A, Yabes J, Schleyer TK. Advancing cognitive engineering methods to support user interface design for electronic health records. Int J Med Inform. 2014 Apr;83(4):292-302.

Saleem JJ, Flanagan ME, Russ AL, McMullen CK, Elli L, Russell SA, Bennett KJ, Matthias MS, Rehman SU, Schwartz MD, Frankel RM. You and me and the computer makes three: variations in exam room use of the electronic health record. J AmMed Inform Assoc. 2014 Feb;21(e1):e147-51.

Xie M, Weinger MB, Gregg WM, Johnson KB. Presenting multiple drug alerts in an ambulatory electronic prescribing system: a usability study of novel prototypes. Appl Clin Inform. 2014 Apr 2;5(2):334-48.

Carayon P, Wetterneck TB, Rivera-Rodriguez AJ, Hundt AS, Hoonakker P, Holden R, Gurses AP. Human factors systems approach to healthcare quality and patient safety. Appl Ergon. 2014 Jan;45(1):14-25.

So RH, Lam ST. Factors affecting the appreciation generated through applying human factors/ergonomics (HFE) principles to systems of work. Appl Ergon. 2014 Jan;45(1):99-109.

Grote G. Adding a strategic edge to human factors/ergonomics: principles for the management of uncertainty as cornerstones for system design. Appl Ergon. 2014 Jan;45(1):33-9.

Carstens DS, Rodriguez W, Wood MB. Task and error analysis balancing benefits over business of electronic medical records. Int J Electron Healthc.2014;7(4):331-48.

Jensen S, Rasmussen SL, Lyng KM. Evaluation of a clinical simulation-based assessment method for EHR-platforms. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2014;205:925-9.

2013
Wilcox L, Patel R, Chen Y, Shachak A. Human factors in computing systems: focus on patient-centered health communication at the ACM SIGCHI conference. Patient Educ Couns. 2013 Dec;93(3):532-4.

Rogers ML, Sockolow PS, Bowles KH, Hand KE, George J. Use of a human factors approach to uncover informatics needs of nurses in documentation of care. Int J Med Inform. 2013 Nov;82(11):1068-74.

Mei YY, Marquard J, Jacelon C, DeFeo AL. Designing and evaluating an electronic patient falls reporting system: perspectives for the implementation of health information technology in long-term residential care facilities. Int J Med Inform. 2013 Nov;82(11):e294-306.

Frith KH. Medication errors in the intensive care unit: literature review using the SEIPS model. AACN Adv Crit Care. 2013 Oct-Dec;24(4):389-404.

Colvin C, Baird P, Easty T, Trbovich P. Human factors and medical IT systems: complex incident reporting systems and multiple IV infusions. Biomed Instrum Technol. 2013 Fall;Suppl:59-63.

Franzke M, Wright S, Hautamaki B. The intersection of IT and human factors: summative testing in safety-enhanced EHR design. Biomed Instrum Technol. 2013 Fall;Suppl:54-8.
Henriksen K, Brady J. The pursuit of better diagnostic performance: a human factors perspective. BMJ Qual Saf. 2013 Oct;22 Suppl 2:ii1-ii5.

Kilsdonk E, Peute LW, Riezebos RJ, Kremer LC, Jaspers MW. From an expert-driven paper guideline to a user-centred decision support system: a usability comparison study. Artif Intell Med. 2013 Sep;59(1):5-13.

Middleton B, Bloomrosen M, Dente MA, Hashmat B, Koppel R, Overhage JM, Payne TH, Rosenbloom ST, Weaver C, Zhang J; American Medical Informatics Association. Enhancing patient safety and quality of care by improving the usability of electronic health record systems: recommendations from AMIA. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Jun;20(e1):e2-8.

Suebnukarn S, Rittipakorn P, Thongyoi B, Boonpitak K, Wongsapai M, Pakdeesan P. Usability assessment of an electronic health record in a comprehensive dental clinic. Springerplus. 2013 May 12;2(1):220.

Waterson P, Hoonakker PL, Carayon P. Special issue on human factors and the implementation of health information technology (HIT): comparing approaches across nations. Int J Med Inform. 2013 May;82(5):277-80.

Bragadóttir H, Gunnarsdóttir S, Ingason HT. The development and piloting of electronic standardized measures on nursing work: combining engineering and nursing knowledge. J Nurs Manag. 2013 May;21(4):679-89.

Patterson ES, Zhang J, Abbott P, Gibbons MC, Lowry SZ, Quinn MT, Ramaiah M, Brick D. Enhancing electronic health record usability in pediatric patient care: a scenario-based approach. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2013 Mar;39(3):129-35.

Hignett S, Carayon P, Buckle P, Catchpole K. State of science: human factors and ergonomics in healthcare. Ergonomics. 2013;56(10):1491-503.

Monkman H, Borycki EM, Kushniruk AW, Kuo MH. Exploring the contextual and human factors of electronic medication reconciliation research: a scoping review. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;194:166-72.

Mather C, Marlow A, Cummings E. Digital communication to support clinical supervision: considering the human factors. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;194:160-5.

Peute LW, Driest KF, Marcilly R, Bras Da Costa S, Beuscart-Zephir MC, Jaspers MW. A framework for reporting on human factor/usability studies of health information technologies. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;194:54-60.

van der Sijs H, Baboe I, Phansalkar S. Human factors considerations for contraindication alerts. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:132-6.

Saleem JJ, Adams S, Frankel RM, Doebbeling BN, Patterson ES. Efficiency strategies for facilitating computerized clinical documentation in ambulatory care. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:13-7.

Minshall S. A review of healthcare information system usability & safety. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;183:151-6.

Kushniruk A, Nohr C, Jensen S, Borycki EM. From Usability Testing to Clinical Simulations: Bringing Context into the Design and Evaluation of Usable and Safe Health Information Technologies. Contribution of the IMIA Human Factors Engineering for Healthcare Informatics Working Group. Yearb Med Inform.
2013;8:78-85.

Beuscart-Zéphir MC, Borycki E, Carayon P, Jaspers MW, Pelayo S. Evolution of human factors research and studies of health information technologies: the role of patient safety. Yearb Med Inform. 2013;8:67-77.

2012
Elkin PL. Human Factors Engineering in HI: So What? Who Cares? and What's in It for You? Healthc Inform Res. 2012 Dec;18(4):237-41.

Horsky J, Schiff GD, Johnston D, Mercincavage L, Bell D, Middleton B. Interface design principles for usable decision support: a targeted review of best practices for clinical prescribing interventions. J Biomed Inform. 2012 Dec;45(6):1202-16.

Russ AL, Weiner M, Russell SA, Baker DA, Fahner WJ, Saleem JJ. Design and implementation of a hospital-based usability laboratory: insights from a Department of Veterans Affairs laboratory for health information technology. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2012 Dec;38(12):531-40.

Russ AL, Zillich AJ, McManus MS, Doebbeling BN, Saleem JJ. Prescribers' interactions with medication alerts at the point of prescribing: A multi-method, in situ investigation of the human-computer interaction. Int J Med Inform. 2012 Apr;81(4):232-43.

Kim MS, Shapiro JS, Genes N, Aguilar MV, Mohrer D, Baumlin K, Belden JL. A pilot study on usability analysis of emergency department information system by nurses. Appl Clin Inform. 2012 Mar 28;3(1):135-53.

Singh H, Giardina TD, Petersen LA, Smith MW, Paul LW, Dismukes K, Bhagwath G, Thomas EJ. Exploring situational awareness in diagnostic errors in primary care. BMJ Qual Saf. 2012 Jan;21(1):30-8.

2011
Zachariah M, Phansalkar S, Seidling HM, Neri PM, Cresswell KM, Duke J, Bloomrosen M, Volk LA, Bates DW. Development and preliminary evidence for the validity of an instrument assessing implementation of human-factors principles in medication-related decision-support systems--I-MeDeSA. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011 Dec;18 Suppl 1:i62-72.

Beasley JW, Wetterneck TB, Temte J, Lapin JA, Smith P, Rivera-Rodriguez AJ, Karsh BT. Information chaos in primary care: implications for physician performance and patient safety. J Am Board Fam Med. 2011 Nov-Dec;24(6):745-51.

Wetterneck TB, Walker JM, Blosky MA, Cartmill RS, Hoonakker P, Johnson MA, Norfolk E, Carayon P. Factors contributing to an increase in duplicate medication order errors after CPOE implementation. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011 Nov-Dec;18(6):774-82.

Holden RJ. Cognitive performance-altering effects of electronic medical records: An application of the human factors paradigm for patient safety. Cogn Technol Work. 2011 Mar;13(1):11-29.

Pelayo S, Marcilly R, Bernonville S, Leroy N, Beuscart-Zephir MC. Human factors based recommendations for the design of medication related clinical decision support systems (CDSS). Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011;169:412-6.

Mykkänen J, Virkanen H, Kortekangas P, Savolainen S, Itälä T. Task analysis and interoperable application services for service event management. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011;169:295-9.

Marcilly R, Leroy N, Luyckx M, Pelayo S, Riccioli C, Beuscart-Zéphir MC. Medication related computerized decision support system (CDSS): make it a clinicians' partner! Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011;166:84-94.

Hall SA, Kushniruk AW, Borycki EM. Usability analysis of the tele-nursing call management software at HealthLink BC. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011;164:208-12.

Turner-Bowker DM, Saris-Baglama RN, Smith KJ, DeRosa MA, Paulsen CA, Hogue SJ. Heuristic evaluation and usability testing of a computerized patient-reported outcomes survey for headache sufferers. Telemed J E Health. 2011 Jan-Feb;17(1):40-5.

Meyer R. A biomedical informatics perspective on human factors - How human factors influence information technology adoption. Yearb Med Inform. 2011;6:58-62.

2010
Karsh BT, Weinger MB, Abbott PA, Wears RL. Health information technology: fallacies and sober realities. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2010 Nov-Dec;17(6):617-23.

Phansalkar S, Edworthy J, Hellier E, Seger DL, Schedlbauer A, Avery AJ, Bates DW. A review of human factors principles for the design and implementation of medication safety alerts in clinical information systems. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2010 Sep-Oct;17(5):493-501.

Saitwal H, Feng X, Walji M, Patel V, Zhang J. Assessing performance of an Electronic Health Record (EHR) using Cognitive Task Analysis. Int J Med Inform. 2010 Jul;79(7):501-6.

Staggers N, Jennings BM, Lasome CE. A usability assessment of AHLTA in ambulatory clinics at a military medical center. Mil Med. 2010 Jul;175(7):518-24.

Daniels JP, King AD, Cochrane DD, Carr R, Shaw NT, Lim J, Ansermino JM. A human factors and survey methodology-based design of a web-based adverse event reporting system for families. Int J Med Inform. 2010 May;79(5):339-48.

Beuscart-Zéphir MC, Aarts J, Elkin P. Human factors engineering for healthcare IT clinical applications. Int J Med Inform. 2010 Apr;79(4):223-4.
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Beuscart-Zéphir MC, Pelayo S, Bernonville S. Example of a Human Factors Engineering approach to a medication administration work system: potential impact on patient safety. Int J Med Inform. 2010 Apr;79(4):e43-57.

Cacciabue PC, Vella G. Human factors engineering in healthcare systems: the problem of human error and accident management. Int J Med Inform. 2010 Apr;79(4):e1-17.

Hysong SJ, Sawhney MK, Wilson L, Sittig DF, Espadas D, Davis T, Singh H. Provider management strategies of abnormal test result alerts: a cognitive task analysis. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2010 Jan-Feb;17(1):71-7.

Seebregts CJ, Mamlin BW, Biondich PG, Fraser HS, Wolfe BA, Jazayeri D, Miranda J, Blaya J, Sinha C, Bailey CT, Kanter AS. Human factors for capacity building: lessons learned from the OpenMRS implementers network. Yearb Med Inform. 2010:13-20. P

2009
Sheehan B, Kaufman D, Stetson P, Currie LM. Cognitive analysis of decision support for antibiotic prescribing at the point of ordering in a neonatal intensive care unit. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2009 Nov 14;2009:584-8.

Russ AL, Zillich AJ, McManus MS, Doebbeling BN, Saleem JJ. A human factors investigation of medication alerts: barriers to prescriber decision-making and clinical workflow. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2009 Nov 14;2009:548-52.

Unertl KM, Weinger MB, Johnson KB, Lorenzi NM. Describing and modeling workflow and information flow in chronic disease care. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2009 Nov-Dec;16(6):826-36.

Walker JM, Carayon P. From tasks to processes: the case for changing health information technology to improve health care. Health Aff (Millwood). 2009 Mar-Apr;28(2):467-77.

Shachak A, Hadas-Dayagi M, Ziv A, Reis S. Primary care physicians' use of an electronic medical record system: a cognitive task analysis. J Gen Intern Med. 2009 Mar;24(3):341-8.

Elrod J, Androwich IM. Applying human factors analysis to the design of the electronic health record. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2009;146:132-6.

Pelayo S, Bernonville S, Kolski C, Beuscart-Zephir MC. Applying a Human Factors Engineering approach to healthcare IT applications: example of a medication CPOE project. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2009;143:334-9.

Or CK, Valdez RS, Casper GR, Carayon P, Burke LJ, Brennan PF, Karsh BT. Human factors and ergonomics in home care: Current concerns and future considerations for health information technology. Work. 2009;33(2):201-9.

2008
Moore BJ, Wright JA, Watson B, Friedman RH, Adams WG. Usability testing of an electronic health record form to support physician-based counseling and self-management of overweight children. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2008 Nov 6:1061.

Walker JM, Carayon P, Leveson N, Paulus RA, Tooker J, Chin H, Bothe A Jr, Stewart WF. EHR safety: the way forward to safe and effective systems. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2008 May-Jun;15(3):272-7.

Ruch P. A bio-medical informatics perspective on human factors. Findings from the Yearbook 2008 Section on Human Factors. Yearb Med Inform. 2008:41-3.

2007
Xie M, Johnson K. Applying human factors research to alert-fatigue in e-prescribing. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11:1161.

Saleem JJ, Patterson ES, Militello L, Asch SM, Doebbeling BN, Render ML. Using human factors methods to design a new interface for an electronic medical record. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11:640-4.

Teixeira L, Ferreira C, Santos BS. Using task analysis to improve the requirements elicitation in health information system. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Soc. 2007;2007:3669-72. PubMed PMID: 18002793.

Weir CR, Nebeker JJ, Hicken BL, Campo R, Drews F, Lebar B. A cognitive task analysis of information management strategies in a computerized provider order entry environment. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2007 Jan-Feb;14(1):65-75.

2006
Santiago O, Li Q, Gagliano N, Judge D, Hamann C, Middleton B. Improving EMR Usability: a method for both discovering and prioritizing improvements in EMR workflows based on human factors engineering. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006:1086.

Johnson CD, Zeiger RF, Das AK, Goldstein MK. Task analysis of writing hospital admission orders: evidence of a problem-based approach. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006:389-93.

Beuscart-Zephir MC, Elkin P, Pelayo S. Human factors engineering for clinical applications. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2006;124:685-90.

2005
Saathoff A. Human factors considerations relevant to CPOE implementations. J Healthc Inf Manag. 2005 Summer;19(3):71-8.

Samaras GM, Horst RL. A systems engineering perspective on the human-centered design of health information systems. J Biomed Inform. 2005 Feb;38(1):61-74.

2004
Jaspers MW, Steen T, van den Bos C, Geenen M. The think aloud method: a guide to user interface design. Int J Med Inform. 2004 Nov;73(11-12):781-95.

Patterson ES, Nguyen AD, Halloran JP, Asch SM. Human factors barriers to the effective use of ten HIV clinical reminders. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2004 Jan-Feb;11(1):50-9.

2002
Kinzie MB, Cohn WF, Julian MF, Knaus WA. A user-centered model for web site design: needs assessment, user interface design, and rapid prototyping. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2002 Jul-Aug;9(4):320-30.

Jaspers MW, Steen T, Van Den Bos C, Geenen M. The use of cognitive methods in analyzing clinicians' task behavior. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2002;93:25-31.

2001
Beuscart-Zéphir MC, Anceaux F, Crinquette V, Renard JM. Integrating users' activity modeling in the design and assessment of hospital electronic patient records: the example of anesthesia. Int J Med Inform. 2001 Dec;64(2-3):157-71

2000
Staggers N, Kobus D. Comparing response time, errors, and satisfaction between text-based and graphical user interfaces during nursing order tasks. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2000 Mar-Apr;7(2):164-76.

1998
Creedon MA, Malone TB, Dutra LA, Perse RM. Human factors engineering approach to gerontechnology: development of an electronic medication compliance device. Stud Health Technol Inform. 1998;48:288-95.

1997
Graeber S. Application of clinical workstations: functionality and usability. Clin Perform Qual Health Care. 1997 Apr-Jun;5(2):71-5.

1985
Latman NS, Carroll KK, Russin R. Evaluation of electronic, digital blood pressure monitors: perceptions and ease of operation. Med Instrum. 1985 Nov-Dec;19(6):261-7.